Thomas' Transliteration Table

The characters č, ǰ, u̲, ṳ, o̤, o̰, ḷ, ṇ, ṭ, γ, f, v, b, p and r"" (thrilled r) in the transliteration table do not appear in the dictionary nor in the corpus. The characters ḍ, š and ž appear each two times and the character u̫ one time in the dictionary.

Scan of the table

Digitized table


A. Vowels.

a = a in father. o͉ = o in not.
a͉ = a intermediate between

a in father and cat.
u = u in ride.
u͉ = u in bull.
e = a in take. u̫ = ṳ in German güte.
ę in there. u̲ = - in German glück.
e͉ = e in let. o̰ = o̤ in German könig.
i = ee in see. a̯i = in line.
i͉ = i in it. a̯u = in how.
o = o in stone. ei
ǫ = o in ought. o̯i= in boy.

B. Consonants.

b = b in bed. r = r in red.
č = ch in church. r"" = trilled r.
x = approximately equiva-

lent to Scottish ch in

rh = r slightly trilled and

s = s in sea.
d = d in dark. š = sh in she.
ḍ = cerebral d. t = t in ten.
f = f in field. ṭ = cerebral t.
g = hard g in gold. v = v in vivid.
h = h in have. w = w in win.
ǰ = j in jewel. y = y in yellow.
k = k in key. z = z in razor.
l = l in long. ž = z in azure.
ḷ = cerebral l. ɣ = soft g in N. German tag.
m = m in man. f, v, = bilabial f and v, Span-

ish pronunciation of b.
n = n in not.
ṇ = cerebral n. b,p = b and p sounded nearly

like w, with closed

ṅ = ng in ringer.
p = p in pay.

Dynamic accent (stress) x

High tone   ́

Low tone `

Sign of nasalization ~ (over the letter).