zaan [ `'][zã̀ã́] {SM::} vb. 1. to criticize; to find
fault with; to condemn: Iran zaan
rẹn ye emwin nẹ ọ ruu
“They
criticized him for what he did.”

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zabọ [ ` '][zàbɔ́] {SS::} vb. expresses the adv.
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meaning of “quickly”: Ọ zabọ kpaọ
“He quickly left.”

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zaro [ ' `][záɽò] {SS::} vb. to reprimand; to scold:
Ọ zaro mu ẹnrẹn vbe ọ viẹ “He
reprimanded her when she was
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crying.”

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zagadabu [ ` ` ` '][zàgàdàbú] {SS::} vb.; idiom. to
have fun; to play around.

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zagha [ ` '][zàɣá] {SS::} vb. to scatter; to fall out
of place in various directions; to be
in disarray: Ẹhoho zagha ebe mwẹn
hia kue otọ
“The wind has scattered
all my books to the floor.”

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zaghazagha [ ` ` ` `][zàɣàzàɣà] {SS::} adv.; adj. de-
scribes things that are disorderly
and unkempt.

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zaizai [ ` ` ][zàizài] {SM::} adv. 1. quickly; briskly:
Ọ ruẹe zaizai “He did it quickly.”

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zama [ ` '][zàmá] {SS::} vb. to show deference to;
to show courteous regard to: Ọ zama
ọmwan gbe
“She always treats
her elders with deference.”

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ze [ '][zé] {SS::} vb. to be stiff or hard: Ekẹn
na zee nẹ
“This wall has hardened.”
ze-vbe-udu “to be hard-hearted”:
“stubborn.”

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zedu [ ` '][zèdú] {SS::} vb. (< zẹ4 ― edu) to
interpret; to translate: Ọ ma miẹ
ene ọ gha zedu nẹẹn
“He did not
find anyone to interpret for him.”

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zenunu [ ` ' `][zènúnù] {SS::} idiom. (< zẹ4 ― ene
― unu) “speak that of the mouth”^^:
to state one’s case (in a dispute):
Iran we ne ọ zenunu ẹnrẹn “They
asked her to state her case.”

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zẹ1 [ '][zɛ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to select; to choose:
Ọ zẹ ẹwu ne ọ yẹ ọre “She chose
the dress that she liked.”
; 2. to
delegate (a person): Ozo ẹre iran zẹe
gha khian
“Ozo was the person
they delegated to go.”
; 3. (of solid
mass nouns) to take a portion of:
Ọ zẹ izẹ mu gie iran “She took
some rice to carry to them.”
zẹ
hin
“to remove some portion of”;
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zẹ baa “to add a portion to”; zẹ
kua
“to pour a portion away etc.”

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zẹ2 [ '][zɛ́] {SS::} vb. to be responsible for (an
action); to cause a situation: Iran
ẹre ọ zẹe ighẹ ma miẹ odẹ la
“They
were responsible for our being able
to find a way to pass.”

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zẹ3 [ '][zɛ́] {SS::} vb. to rank; to occupy a
certain position relative to: Rẹn ọ
zẹ lele mwẹn
“He is the one who
ranks after me.”

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ze4 [ '][zɛ́] {SS::} vb. to speak a language: Ọ gua
zẹ Ebo
“He can speak English.”

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zẹ5 [ '][zɛ́] {SS::} vb. to spend (money); to pay
a levy or fine: Ọ zẹ ígho-emitin “He
contributed his society levy.”

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zẹ6 [ '][zɛ́] {SS::} vb. to be arrogant; to behave
overbearingly ― Ọ zẹ vbe emwan
esi
“He is behaving overbearingly
as though he were a better person.”

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zẹ7 [ '][zɛ́] {SS::} adv. indicates that the action
in the main verb has been going on
for a length of time ― Ọ ghi zẹ totaa,
ọ na kpaegbe
“After sitting for
a while, he stood up.”

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zẹ-baa [ ` `'][zɛ̀bàá] {SS::} idiom. to tell lies
against: Ọ zẹbaa re “It was a lie
that he told against her.”

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zẹ-ta [ ` '][zɛ̀tá] {SS::} idiom. to fabricate; to
make up something: Ọ zẹ ẹmwẹn
nii ta
“He made that information
up.”

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zẹ-yi [ ` '][zɛ̀yí] {SS::} idiom. to mind; to pay
attention to: Ọ ma zẹ-yọ mwẹn ẹmwẹn
“He did not mind my words.”

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zẹbi [ ` '][zɛ̀bí] {SS::} vb. to be guilty: Ozo ọ zẹbi
vbe ẹzo na
“Ozo is the guilty party
in this case.”

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zẹdẹ [ ` '][zɛ̀dɛ́] {SM::} adv. 1. expresses the
adverbial meaning of “at all” when
it occurs in a negative clause: Ei zẹdẹ
ma
“It is not good at all”; 2. in
non-negative clauses, it may be
translated as “at least”: Ona zẹdẹ ma;
nọkẹre i zẹdẹ gi a ghe
“This one
is at least good; the other one can’t
be tolerated at all.”

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zẹdia [ ' '][zɛ́dyá] {SS::} adv. expresses the
adverbial meaning, of “occasionally”;
“sometimes”: Ọ zẹdia rhie igho rre
“He occasionally brings money.”

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zẹẹ [ ''][zɛ́ɛ́] {SS::} adv. cf. zẹrẹ.

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zẹgiẹgiẹ [ ` ' `][zɛ̀gyɛ́gyɛ̀] {SS::} adv. expresses the
adv. meaning of “quickly”; “hurried-
ly”: Ọ zẹgiẹgiẹ bu erhae “He hastily
went to his father.”

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zẹgbẹle [ ` ` '][zɛ̀gbɛ̀lé] {SS::} idiom. to commit
suicide by hanging (also “rhie ukọ
rrọọ”
“hang up the calabash”).

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zẹtin [ ` '][zɛ̀tĩ́] {SS::} vb. (< zẹ ― ẹtin) to be
rebellious; to be defiant; to contradict:
Ne ọ gha ya ru vbene a gie ẹre, ọ gha
zẹtin obọ ọre
“Instead of doing
as he was commissioned, he is being
defiant.”

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zidase [ ` ' '][zìdásé] {SS::} idiom. to play pranks;
to behave naughtily.

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ziẹn [ '][zyɛ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. to plant (something
thin or pointed); to insert: Ọ ziẹn
erhan yotọ
“He stuck a piece of
stick into the ground.”
; 2. (with aro)
to fix (eyes) on; to scrutinize: Ọ ziẹn
aro mu ẹnrẹn
“He fixed his gaze
on it.”
; 3. to get stuck; (e.g. of a
vehicle’s wheels in a muddy terrain):
Imọto ẹre ziẹn ye uwu ọrho “His
vehicle got stuck in the mud.”

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ziẹnziẹn [ ` '][zyɛ̀zyɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to squeeze into;
to force into; to penetrate by force:
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Ọ ziẹnziẹn egbe la owa “He squeezed
to get into the house.”

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ziga [ ` '][zìgá] {SS::} vb. to struggle; to cope; to
make an effort; O fẹko ziga vbe iwinna
ne iran mu nẹẹn
“He is trying to
cope gradually with the work they
gave him.”

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zighi [ ` '][zìɣí] {SM::} vb. 1. to become confused;
to be disorderly: Ughugha ẹre hia
zighi ne ukpọn
“His entire room
is disorderly with clothes.”
; 2. to
make disorderly; to disrupt: Ọ zighi
iran iko rua
“He disrupted their
meeting.”

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zighó1 [ ' '][zíɣó] {SS::} vb. (< zẹ ― ígho) to
cut milk-teeth.

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zighó2 [ ' '][zíɣó] {SS::} vb. (< zẹ5 ― ígho) 1.
to spend money; 2. to pay a fine.

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zighò [ ' `][zíɣò] {SS::} vb. (< zọọ ― ìgho) to
grow horns.

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zihin [ ` '][zìhĩ́] {SS::} vb. (< zẹ ― ihiin) to
blow the nose.

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ziin [ `'][zĩ̀ĩ́] {SS::} vb. to endure; to bear:
ziin oya nọbun
“He endured a lot
of insults”
; 2. ziengbe (< ziin egbe):
“endure self”; to be patient; to
persevere.

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zobọ [ ` '][zòbɔ́] {SS::} idiom.; vb. 1. to cease
from doing; to stop (doing) to give
up on.: Ọ zobọ vbe iwinna ne ọ ka
gha ru
“He has stopped doing his
previous work.”
; 2. to come to an
end; to close: Ma zobọ nẹ vbe esuku
“We have closed at school.”
; 3. to
leave; to release: Ọ zẹ iran obọ
“He released them.”

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zogiẹ [ ` '][zògyɛ́] {SS::} vb. (< zẹ-ogiẹ) “to cause
laughter”; to be funny.: Ẹmwẹn
ọnrẹn zogie gbe
“His words are
very funny.”

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zokeke [ ` ' `][zòkékè] {SS::} idiom. (< zẹ ―
okeke) to pretend; to make false
pretences.

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zowẹ [ ' `][zówɛ̀] {SS::} vb. (< zẹ ― owẹ) to
take a step; to move: Ghẹ zowẹ kpaọ
vbe evba
“Don’t step away from
there.”

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zozo [ ` '][zòzó] {SS::} vb. to wander; to per-
ambulate: Ọ zozo gbe “He wanders
too much.”

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zọkan [ '][zc̀kã́] {SS::} vb. to shout angrily; to
speak harshly: Ọ zọkan mu ẹnrẹn
“He shouted angrily at him.”

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zọlọ [ ` '][zɔ̀lɔ́] {SS::} vb. the pl. or reit. sense
of zọọ2: Iran zọlọ iyan foo vbe akhe
“They picked out all the yam pieces
from the pot.”

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zọọ1 [ `'][zɔ̀ɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to germinate; to
sprout: Ọka ne ọ kọe zọọ nẹ “The
corn that she planted has sprouted.”

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zọọ2 [ `'][zɔ̀ɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to extract; to pick
out: Ọ zọọ igban hin ẹre owẹ rre
“He extracted a thorn from his foot.”

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zọọ3 [ `'][zɔ̀ɔ́] {SS::} vb. (with ẹse) 1. to per-
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form a sacrifice (usually determined
by the oracle as a means of atoning
for some previous wrongdoing, or of
ensuring the goodwill of some power-
ful forces, etc.).

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zọọ4 [ `'][zɔ̀ɔ́] {SS::} vb. (of ọmọ) to perform
the naming ceremony of a new-born
infant (usually on the seventh day
of birth).

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zuan [ `'][zũ̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to indicate or express
undisguised desire for somebody’s food
(e.g. by hovering around them with
a yearning gaze at the food, etc. ).

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zughu [ ` '][zùɣú] {SM::} vb. 1. to roll around on
the ground in grief or distress.; 2. to
struggle against efforts to restrain
one (e.g. in a fight).

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zunu [ ` '][zùnṹ] {SS::} vb. (< zẹ ― unu) “to
choose mouth” to be choosy about
food; to be fastidious about what one
eats.

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zurọ [ ` '][zùɽɔ́] {SS::} vb. to be stupid; to be
foolish: Ọ zurọ gbe “He is very
foolish.”

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zuwu [ ` '][zùwú] {SS::} vb. to commit suicide.

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