ya1 [ '][yá] {SS::} vb. lit. = to use (occurs only
in construction with other verbs, and
has as its object nouns or noun phrases
that semantically express a wide
range of relationships with the second
and main verb of the sentence) such
as, instrumental: Ọ ya erọ fian iyan
“He used a knife for cutting the
yam”
. temporal: Ọ ya awa eha dolọ
ẹre yi
“It took him three hours
to repair it.”
manner: Ọ ya ogiogiẹ
miẹ ẹre
“She laughingly took it
from him or she took it from him
by laughing”
; reason: Ọ ya ezurọ
rhia ẹre rua
“He spoilt it out of
stupidity.”
etc.

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ya2 [ '][yá] {SS::} vb. (occurs only in construc-
tion with another vb.): to cause:
Ọ ya evbare khian aghaghan vbe ẹvbo
naa
“He caused food to become
very expensive in this town.”

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ya3 [ '][yá] {SS::} vb. to spend (time); to last
(for a certain length of time):
ya uki eha ọ ke rhia
“It lasted
three months before it became
spoiled.”

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ya4 [ '][yá] {SS::} vb. (usually followed by a
prep. na or ne): 1. to present with
a gift: Ọ ya ígho ne ibiẹka eso
“He presented some children with
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money.”; 2. (with ọmọ) to betroth:
Iran ya ọmọ nẹẹ “They betrothed
a girl to him.”

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ya5 [ '][yá] {SS::} vb. (occurs only in construc-
tion with a second verb which serves
as the main verb of the sentence):
to proceed (to do something):
ya lovbiẹ
“He went to lie down”;
Ọ ya gu ẹre winna “He went to
help him to work.”

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ya6 [ '][yá] {SS::} vb. (with ama) to make (a
mark) on: Ọ ya ama ye emwin ẹnrẹn
hia
“He made a mark on all his
property.”

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ya-baa [ ` `'][yàbàá] {SM::} vb. 1. to join with;
to combine with: Iran yabaa enikẹre
“They joined with the rest.”^^
; 2. (in
Xtian sense) to bless: Osanobua
yabaa ọre
1. God blessed him;
2. God was with him
.

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ya-gba [ ` '][yàg͡bá] {SS::} idiom.; vb. to become
stuck; develop a stalemate: Emwẹn
nii yagba
“A stalemate has
developed over that matter.”

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ya-ghae [ ` `'][yàɣàé] {SS::} vb. to distribute; to
give away: Ọ ya ẹfe ẹre hia ghae
“He gave away all his wealth.”

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ya-leekhue [ ` `' `][yàlèéxwè] {SS::} idiom.; vb.
(also ya-neekhue) (< ya ― ne ―
ekhue) “to give to shyness”: to relent
(on account of somebody, or for
consideration of somebody). Ọ ya
emwin hia ne Ozo ru ẹre lekhue
erhae
“He relented on all the things
Ozo had done to him on account
of his father.”

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ya-maa [ ` `'][yàmàá] {SS::} idiom.; vb. 1. to for-
give (someone): Ọ ya emwin hia ne
o ru maa rẹn
“He forgave her all
the things she had done.”
; 2. to expose
(esp. the faults of a person): Ọ ya egbe
ẹre maa vbe eke ne ọ yoo
“He
exposed his bad ways where he went.”

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ya-wee [ ` `'][yàwèé] {SS::} idiom.; vb. to be-
queath to; to authorize to own:
ya ẹfe ẹre hia wee iran
“He be-
queathed all his wealth to them.”

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ya-yi [ ` '][yàyí] {SS::} idiom.; vb. to believe; to
have faith in: Ọ ya ẹmwẹn ne u khama
rẹn yi
“He believed what you told
him.”
; 2. (in the religious sense) to
be a Christian: Ọ ma yayi “He is
not a Christian.”

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yaan1 [ `'][ỹã̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to own; to possess:
Rẹn ọ yaaẹn owa ne ima ye “He
is the one who owns the house in
which we live.”

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yaan2 [ `'][ỹã̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to pledge; to promise:
Ọ yaanrẹn ighẹ ren gha sẹtin haa
osa nii
“He pledged that he will
be able to pay up that debt.”

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yalọ [ ` '][yàlɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. (used of jelly-like
substance or other soft masses) to
scoop (a usually large bulk of):
yalọ obuẹ hin otọ rre
“He scooped
off the clay from the ground.”
; 2. (of
a large or amophous mass) to move
clumsily (e.g. of a very fat person):
Ọ yalọ khian “He is moving
clumsily along.”
(Also: ọ yalegbe
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khian).

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yan1 [ '][ỹã́] {SM::} vb. 1. to tear off; to sever;
to disjoin: Abọ ẹkpo na yan fua
“The strap of this bag has torn off”
;
2. to ply open; to open wide:
yan ẹkhu yotọ
“He opened the
door wide. (or He left the door
wide open).”

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yan2 [ '][ỹã́] {SS::} vb. (of the limbs) to be
fatigued; to be weary after exertion;
to be exhausted: Owẹ yan mwẹn
“My legs are fatigued.”

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yan3 [ '][ỹã́] {SS::} vb. (of fire) to be ablaze:
Erhẹn nẹ ọ hiere yan kua “The
fire he made is in full blaze.”

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yan4 [ '][ỹã́] {SS::} vb. (e.g. of a child) to
make a lot of fuss; to demand a lot
of attention by crying frequently
and behaving hard-to-please: Ọvbokhan
na gha yan ma iyẹe
“This child is
making a lot of fuss to his mother.”

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yangbe [ ` '][ỹã̀gbé] {SS::} vb. to ignore; to dis-
countenance: Ọ yangbe emwin dan
hia ne ọ ru
“She ignored all the
bad things that he does.”

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yanghan [ ` '][ỹã̀ɣã́] {SS::} vb. to tear to pieces;
to mangle; to tear roughly so as to
disfigure: Uwaya yanghan mwẹn
ukpọn rua
“The wire has torn
my cloth to pieces.”

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yanghananghan [ ` ` ` `][ỹã̀ɣã̀ỹã̀ɣã̀] {SS::} adj.; adv.
describes something that is disfigured
or ragged.

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yankan [ ` '][ỹã̀kã́] {SS::} vb. to walk abnormally
(usually with legs spread apart):
yankan dee vbe egui
“He is ap-
proaching with an abnomal walk
like that of a tortoise.”

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yanrre [ ` '][ỹã̀ré] {SS::} vb. to be left over; to
remain: Emwin ne ọ khiẹn gbae, ọ
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yanrre “The things she is selling
are complete and with some left
over.”

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yanyan [ ` '][ỹã̀ỹã́] {SM::} vb. 1. to yawn; 2. (of
lightning) to flash.

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ye1 [ '][yé] {SS::} vb. to be like; to seem:
(Does not take clausal complements):
Ọ ye mosemose “It has the quality
of being beautiful: It is beautiful.”

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ye2 [ '][yé] {SS::} vb. (as in yerhẹn) to make
or set (a fire): Akhuẹ ẹre iran khian
yerhẹn ye iku na
“It is tomorrow
that they will set fire to this rubbish
heap.”

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yè [ `][yè] {SS::} prep. expresses location: on,
at, in (depending on the noun that
occurs with it): yè owa “at home”;
yè aga “on the chair”; yè uvun
“in the hole”
; etc. (when it occurs
at the end of a sentence, or after its
complement, its form is yi): Owa ẹre
o rhie ẹre yi. Vs. Ọ rhie yè owa; 2.
when it occurs before the object
pron: mwẹn or mwan, it becomes
yọ: Ọ tota yọ mwẹn owa “He
resides at my house.”

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yee1 [ `'][yèé] {SS::} vb. to recall; to remember:
Ọ yee ẹmwẹn ne i khama ọnrẹn
“He recalled the words that I told
him.”

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yee2 [ `'][yèé] {SS::} adv. expresses the adverbial
meaning of “still”: Ọ yee mose
“She is still beautiful.”

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yee-rre [ ` '][yèré] {SM::} vb. 1. same as yee1;
2. to remind: Ọ yee mwẹn ẹmwẹn
ọnrẹn rre
“He reminded me of
her.”

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yegbe [ ` '][yègbé] {SS::} vb. to be cautious; to
be mindful of self: U ghu yegbe vbe
ehe ne u rrie na
“You should be
cautious where you are going.”

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yenhọ [ ` '][ỹẽ̀hɔ́] {SM::} vb. (< yin ― ehọ) 1.
to be deaf; to be hard of hearing; 2.
to be stubborn; to be disobedient.
(cf. yin).

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yẹẹ [ `'][yɛ̀ɛ́] {SS::} vb. to please; to appeal to;
to delight: Ẹmwẹn ọnrẹn yẹẹ mwẹn
“Her matter appeals to me”: “^^I
like her.”

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yevbe [ ' ][yéʋe] {SS::} vb. to be like; to seem:
Ọ yẹvbe ne ọ vbiẹ “He seems to be
sleeping.”
(cf. ye).

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yẹẹn [ `'][ỹɛ̃̀ɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to press upon (usually
with something heavy): Ọ ya olọ yẹn
ọnrẹn
“He pressed it by means of
a grinding-stone.”
yẹẹn muotọ
“to press down.”

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yẹẹn-egbe [ `` '][ỹɛ̃̀ɛ̃̀gbé] {SS::} vb. to exert the
physiological pressure necessary to
eject something from the body through
any of the posterior openings, e.g.
in childbirth; or during defecation.

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yẹnkẹn [ ` '][ỹɛ̃̀kɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. same as yankan.

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yẹnkẹn [ ` `][ỹɛ̃̀kɛ̃̀] {SS::} adj. very big (e.g. a
large-sized human head).

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yi1 [ '][yí] {SM::} vb. 1. to create: A ma yi
ẹre ẹse
“He was not created right”^^;
2. (with uhi) to make ( a law) to
institute (a decree): Ariọba yi uhi
yọ
“The government has instituted
a law about it.”

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yi2 [ '][yí] {SS::} prep. cf. ye.

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yi3 [ '][yí] {SS::} adv. expresses the adverbial
meaning of before (in the temporal
sense): Ọ ma ka miọẹ yi “He had
never seen it before.”
(The clause
usually has the aux ka (previously)
as well).

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yi4 [ '][yí] {SS::} vb. (as in yi-ẹro): to take
note of; to be aware of: Ọ yi emwin
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ẹro gbe “She is very observant
of things.”

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yighẹ [ ` '][yìɣɛ́] {SS::} vb. to be weak; to be
frail: Ona yighẹ gbe “This is too
weak.”

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yiin [ `'][ỹĩ̀ĩ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to behave: Ei yiin
ẹse
“He does not behave well”;
2. to inhabit; to dwell in: Idunmwun
ọkpa ma kagha yiin ma ke kpaọ
gha di ediran
“We inhabited the
same street before we left to come
this way”
. yiin ke “to live next
to; to be neighbours with.”

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yilo [ ` '][yìló] {SM::} vb. 1. (usually of flowing liquid)
or drawing substance): to collect
together and drain off; to mop up:
Ọ yilo uwọnmwẹn hin ọkpan rre
“She drained off the soup from the
plate.”
; 2. (with kua) to drip off;
to slide off.

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yin1 [ '][ỹĩ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to be blocked; Ehọ
ọre yiin
“His ears are blocked:
He cannot hear (well).”
; 2. to be dense;
to be tightly packed (e.g. of weed).

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yin2 [ '][ỹĩ́] {SS::} vb. (as in yin-ehiẹn) to pinch.
(with the finger nails).

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yo1 [ '][yó] {SM::} vb. 1. to go; I yo owa ọre
nodẹ
“I went to his house yester-
day.”
; 2. to attend: Ọ yo esọsi ima
“He attends our church.”
(In the
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progressive aspect, rrie is used instead
of yo): Ọ rrie esọsi 1. He is going
to the church
.

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yo2 [ '][yó] {SM::} vb. 1. to be high (e.g. of a
wall): Ekẹn na yo “This wall is
high.”
; 2. esteemed; high (e.g. of a
position or post). Ukpo ẹre yo vbe
ehe ne ọ na winna
“His post is
high or senior in his place of work.”

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yọ [ '][yɔ́] {SS::} vb. to wear (a garment):
yọ ẹwu nọmose
“She is wearing
a lovely dress.”

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yọọ [ `'][yɔ̀ɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to arrange one after
the other (usually in a tile or row):
Ọ yọọ iran ye uviẹn “He arranged
them in a line.”
; 2. (of a crowd):
to move uniformly; to troop: Iran
yọọ dee
“They are trooping in
this direction.”

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yunmwun [ ` '][ỹũ̀ɱṹ] {SM::} vb. 1. to shine (of the)
sun): Ovẹn ma yunmwun ẹrẹ “The
sun did not shine today.”
; 2. (of aro)
to frown; to wear an unhappy or
unpleasant countenance: Ọ yunmwun
aro rua ye uhunmwun
“He is
wearing a frown.”

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yunnu [ ` '][ỹũ̀nṹ] {SS::} vb. (< yan ― unu) “to
open mouth”; to surprise; to amaze:
Ọ yan mwẹn unu “It amazed me.”

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yuo [ `'][yùó] {SS::} vb. same as wio.

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