vba [ '][ʋá] {SM::} vb. 1. (of liquids and powdery
mass) to spill as a result of heaving
motion; to overflow from the heaving
force: Amẹ ke ekpamaku vba kue
otọ
“Water spilled onto the floor
from the basin.”
; 2. to heave: Amẹ
gha vba yo vbarre vbe ekpamaku

“The water is heaving back and forth
in the basin.”

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vbaa [ `'][ʋàá] {SM::} vb. 1. to meet; to join
with; to catch up with: Ọ ya vbaa
ore vbe ugbo
“He went to meet
him in the farm.”
; 2. (idiomatic):
(usually in construction with “vbe
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owa”): to be a virgin: A vbaa ọre vbe
owa
“She was met at home: She
was a virgin.”
; 3. to affect (e.g. a
curse). Ihẹn ọnrẹn i vbaa mwẹn
“His curse will not affect me.”
; 4. to
land on; to hit (as a target): Ugbe
vbaa ọre uhunmwun
“A missile
hit her on the head.”
(also vbaọ).

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vbavba [ ` '][ʋàʋá] {SS::} n. an address term for
“father”, used mainly in prayers, or
in contexts when the person addressed
is very old, and extra deference is
intended: Dọmọ, vbavba! “Greet-
ings, old father!”
(cf. evbavba).
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vbavbavba [ ` ` `][ʋàʋàʋà] {SS::} adv.; adj. describes
bulging eye-balls: aro vbavbavba.

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vbe1 [ `][ʋè] {SS::} prep. in, at, on (depending
on the noun with which it occurs):
vbe odẹ “on the way”; vbe ọwa
“at home”
; vbe owiẹ “in the
morning”
, etc.

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vbe2 [ `][ʋè] {SS::} inter.; pron. what?: vbe ọ
mu fua?
“What he lost?”: What
did he lose?
vbọzẹ (< vbe ― ọ― ze?)
“What-it-be responsible for?” What
is it that is responsible for . . . ?; why?
Vbọọkhin? (< vbe ― ọ ― khin?)
“What-it-be?”: What is it (that) . . . ;
why?: Vbọọkhin ne u na viẹ? ―^^“Why
are you crying?”

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vbé1 [ '][ʋé] {SS::} prep.; conj. as, like (occurs
with only nouns and noun phrases
as its complement; clausal comple-
ments are introduced by vbene):
guan vbe erhae
“He talks like his
father.”
Ọ khian vbe ọmwan ne ẹi
mwẹn orhiọn
“He walks like some-
body without strength.”

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vbe2 [ '][ʋé] {SM::} conj. 1. and: Atiti vbe ọse
ọre ẹre ọ gba yo ẹzẹ
“It was Atiti
and her friend that went to the stream
together”
(cf. kevbe); 2. also; as
well: Ọ vbe wẹ erhae gha rre “He
also said that her father will come.”

(cf. kevbe).

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vbee [ `'][ʋèé] {SS::} vb. to be scarce; in short
supply: Ígho vbee gbe vbe ẹghẹ na
“Money is very scarce at this time.”

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vbekpa [ ` '][ʋèkpá] {SS::} adv. concerning (some-
thing; someone; etc.); in connection
with; about ― Ọ gu ẹre guan vbekpa
owa ne ọ bọ
“He talked to him
concerning the house he is building.”

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vbene [ ' `][ʋénẽ̀] {SS::} conj. cf. vbe1.

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vbenia [ ' `'][vénỹ̀ã́] {SS::} adv. (< vbe1 ― enia)
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this way; like this; thus: Ọ khaare
vbenia
“He said like this: He said
thus.”
(also vberian ― a form used
mainly by old people).

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vberriọ [ ' '][ʋéryɔ́] {SS::} adv. (< vbe1 ― errio)
like that: Ọ ruẹe vberriọ “He did
it like that.”

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vbẹe [ '`][ʋɛ́è] {SS::} vb. to be wide, broad: Urro
na vbẹe
“This wooden tray is
wide.”

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vbẹ̀ẹ1 [ `'][ʋɛ̀ɛ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to widen; expand:
Ọ fian ekherhe ya vbẹẹ ukpọn na
“She cut a little bit to widen this
cloth.”
; 2. (idiomatic) (with aro
as subject): to be wide-eyed; to be
greedy: Aro vbẹẹ ọre gbe “Eyes
widen for her excessively: She is
very greedy.”

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vbẹẹ2 [ `'][ʋɛ̀ɛ́] {SS::} vb. to stoop: Ọ vbẹẹ la
onurho
“He stooped to cross the
doorway.”

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vbiẹ [ `'][ʋìɛ́] {SS::} vb. to sleep: Ohuẹn ma gi
Ọzo vbiẹ nasọn
“Cough did not
let Ozo sleep last night.”

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vbiẹrẹ [ ` '][vyɛ̀ɽɛ́] {SS::} vb. to be cowardly; to
lack courage: Ọ vbiẹrẹ gbe “She
is too cowardly.”

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vbiẹvbiẹ [ ` '][ʋiɛ̀ʋiɛ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to heat up
(water): Ọ khian vbiẹvbiẹ amẹ nuẹ
“She is going to heat up some water
for you.”
; 2. to be warm; (of water)
to be “not cool”, and therefore un-
pleasant to drink: Amẹ na wa vbiẹvbiẹ,
ẹi gi a wọn
“This water is quite
warm; it is not suitable for drinking.”

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vbirrivbirri [ ` ` ` `][ʋìrìʋìrì] {SS::} adj.; adv. (usually
occurs with owiẹ): decribes early
dawn: Owiẹ vbirrivbirri “at the
crack of dawn.”

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vbobọvbobọ [ ` ' ` '][ʋòbɔ́ʋòbɔ́] {SS::} adv. (< vbe
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― obọ ― vbe ― obọ) “at hand, at
hand”: right now; instantly:
sanmwẹn ọnrẹn rhie vbobọvbobọ

“He snatched it instantly.”

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vbokho [ ` '][ʋòxó] {SM::} vb. 1. to bend; to
twist: Ọ vbokho ẹre obọ ghe iyeke
“He twisted her arm to the back.”
;
2. to be flexible; be capable of bend-
ing: Erhan na i-vbokho “This piece
of stick is not flexible.”

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vboo1 [ `'][ʋòó] {SM::} vb. 1. to ripen; to be
ripe: Ẹdin-ebo na vbooro nẹ “This
pineapple has ripened.”
; 2. (of eyes)
to redden (with expectation): Aro
ọre vbooro ye odẹ
“Her eyes have
reddened on the road: Her eyes are
fixed on the road (with expectation).”

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vboo2 [ `'][ʋòó] {SS::} inter.; part. (occurs at
the end of the sentence): location
question particle: (to be) where? Owa
ruẹ vboo?
“Where is your house?”

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vbovbo [ ` '][ʋòʋó] {SM::} vb. 1. to carry (usually
a child) on the back: Ọ mu ọmọ
vbovbo
“She backed a child”; 2.
to be carried on the back: Ọ wẹ irẹn
i vbovbo
“He said he will not be
carried on the back.”

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vbọ1 [ '][ʋɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to spring; to leap:
vbọe hin uhunmwun erhan
“He
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leapt up on the tree”; 2. to pull out,
to extract: Iran vbọ mwẹn akọn vbe
asokito
“They extracted my tooth
at the hospital.”

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vbọ2 [ '][ʋɔ́] {SS::} adv. (compressed from vbe ―
vbọ) “from it”; “in it”: ọ ma miẹ
ọghẹe vbọ
“He did not find his
own in it.”

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vbọlọ [ ` '][ʋɔ̀lɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. pl. and iter. sense
of vbọ: Iran vbọlọ akọn “They
had their teeth extracted.”
Iran vbọlọ
kpaọ
“They leapt away.”

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vbu [ '][ʋú] {SS::} vb. to borrow: Ọ doo vbu
ukpọn vbe obọ mwẹn
“He came
to borrow some cloth from me.”

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vbuaro [ ' `][vwáɽò] {SS::} vb. to be stranded; to
be in a helpless state.

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vbuovbuo [ ` '][vwòvwó] {SM::} vb. 1. to heat
(native pear) in hot ashes or hot water
to soften the pulp.; 2. to deteriorate;
to go bad. (of perishable foods, esp.
fruit, vegetable, and meat).

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vbuyẹ [ ` '][ʋùyɛ́] {SS::} vb. to be lazy; weak.

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vbuyẹvbuyẹ [ ` ` ` `][ʋùyɛ̀ʋùyɛ̀] {MM::} 1. adv. in-
dolently; weakly.; 2. adj. weak; lazy;
indolent.

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