ra1 [ `][ɽà] {SS::} inter. part. question particle
requiring a “Yes” or “No” answer:
Ọ rre ra? Did he come?

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ra2 [ `][ɽà] {SS::} conj. or; a conjunction in-
troducing the second of two alterna-
tives: Ọ gha rre ra ẹ i dee? ―^^“Will
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he come or not?”

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ra [ '][ɽá] {SS::} adv. inceptive formative which
indicates that an action is about to
begin: Ọ ra kpaọ “He is about to
depart.”

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raan [ `'][ɽã̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to till; to stuff up;
to cram: Ọ ran uvun ne ọ tọnnọẹ
“He filled the hole that he dug.”

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rae [ `'][ɽàé] {SS::} vb. to go to a place (occurs
more generally in a negative clause):
Ọ wẹ irẹn i ghi rae “He said that
he will not go any more.”
; 2. (with
sẹ in sẹ-raẹ): to leave; to depart:
sẹ erhae rae ye igue
“He from his
father departed at the village” ―
“He departed from his father in the
village or: He left his father behind
in the village.”

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raghoragho [ ' ' ' '][ɽáɣóɽáɽó] {SS::} adj. describes
the shades of colour between light
green and light blue. Ukpọn ne ọ
rhuaẹn ye raghoragho
“The cloth
that he tied looked greenish.”

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ranmwẹn [ ` '][ɽã̀ɱɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to fry in oil;
to cook by frying ― Ọ ranmwẹn
emiowo ne ima re
“He fried meat
for us to eat.”

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ranran [ ` '][ɽã̀ɽã́] {SS::} vb. to melt; to become
liquefied by heat: Ofiugbọn ne ọ mu
yan erhẹn ranran nẹ
“The oil that
he put on the fire has melted.”
; 2.
(fig.) to melt with fear or apprehen-
sion: ọ te ranran vbe ọ deghe ẹre
“He almost melted when he saw her.”

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re1 [ '][ɽé] {SS::} vb. to eat (when followed
directly by its object, it becomes
rri) Iran rri ẹma ne ọ le ne iran
“They ate the pounded yam that he
cooked for them.”

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re2 [ '][ɽé] {SS::} vb. to acquire (something):
(when directly followed by its object,
it becomes rri) ― Iran gu ẹre ghọghọ
yẹ egie ne ọ re
“They rejoiced with
him over the chieftaincy title that
he acquired.”
Ọ rri egie “He
acquired a title.”

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re3 [ '][ɽé] {SS::} vb. to incur (e.g. hardship)
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(when directly followed by its object,
it becomes rri): Ọ rri oya vbe owa
ọdọ ọre
“She incurred abuse in
her husband’s house.”

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re4 [ '][ɽé] {SS::} vb. (of shoes, blades of knives,
machetes, etc.) to deteriorate in quality;
to wear; to show signs of damage or
age as a result of ordinary use: Ibata
na re nẹ
“These shoes are now
worn.”

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re5 [ `][ɽè] {SS::} cop. to be: Ọkpa re okpia
nọkẹre re okhuo
“One is male
while the other is female.”

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ree [ `'][ɽèé] {SM::} vb. 1. to bury (a dead person).;
2. to conceal: Ọ ree ẹre ye uwu ukpọn
“She concealed it in her apparel.”

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reghe [ ' '][ɽéɣé] {SS::} adv. describes something
that is very high up: Ọ rhie rrọ reghe
vbe odukhunmwun
“He hung very
high above (also reghereghe).”

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reghereghe [ ' ' ' '][ɽéɣéɽéɣé] {SM::} adv. 1. very
high; far beyond reach; 2. (of eyes):
deep-set.

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rere [ ' ][ɽéɽe] {SS:gr:} int. a greeting, used mainly
by the elderly, to mean “welcome”.

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rerere [ ' ' '][ɽéɽéɽé] {SS::} adv. describes a very
high pitched sound ― Ọ da van rerere
“He gave vent to a loud shrill.”

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rẹẹn [ `'][ɽɛ̃̀ɛ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. to know ― I rẹẹn
inu ne ọ rre evba
“I know how
many that are there”
.; 2. to be ac-
quainted with; to recognize ―
ma ghi te rẹẹn ọnrẹn
“He almost
did not recognize him.”

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rẹghẹrẹghẹ [ ` ` ` `][ɽɛ̀ɣɛ̀ɽɛ̀ɣɛ̀] {SS::} adj. (of colour):
shades ranging from pale pink to
light shades of red and orange; (of
temperature): warm, lukewarm: Amẹ
na ye rẹghẹrẹghẹ
“This water is
lukewarm.”

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rẹnrẹn1 [ ` '][ɽɛ̃̀ɽɛ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. to tickle (some-
body); to excite the nerves (of some-
body) to produce laughter: Ọ gha
rẹnrẹn mwẹn
“He is tickling me.”;
2. to be tickled.

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rẹnrẹn2 [ ` '][ɽɛ̃̀ɽ̃ɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to crawl (like an
insect); to glide slowly on the ground.

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rẹnrẹnrẹn [ ` ` `][ɽ̃ɛ̃̀ɽ̃ɛ̃̀ɽ̃ɛ̃̀] {SS::} adv,; adj. de-
scribes smooth and gentle motion,
or appearance.

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rẹrẹ [ ` '][ɽɛ̀ɽɛ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to deceive ―
rẹrẹ ọre miẹ ọnrẹn igho
“He decep-
tively took money from him.”
; 2.
to lure, to entice: Ọ ya igho rẹrẹ ọre
rhie kpaọ
“He used money to
lure her away with him. He lured
her away with money”
.

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riin [ ' ][ɽĩ́i] {SS::} dem. adj. a variant of the
demonstrative adjective “nii”, used
mainly by “^^old people”.

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rinmwian [ ` '][ɽĩ̀ɱyã́] {SS::} vb. to beg; to plead
with: Rinmwian mwẹn ne i ghẹ kpaọ
sẹ ruẹ rae
“Plead with me not
to depart from you.”

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ro1 [ '][ɽó] {SS::} vb. to be cheap: Evbare waa
ro vbe ẹvbo na
“Food is quite
cheap in this town.”

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ro2 [ '][ɽó] {SS::} vb. (of a boil or an inflamed
tumour) to leak out pus; to discharge
pus: arighẹghan ne ọ mu ẹre owẹ
ma he ye ro
“The boil that afflicted
him on the leg has not yet started
to discharge pus.”

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ro3 [ '][ɽó] {SS::} vb. to flood; to inundate;
to form a crowd: Amẹ ro vuọn úkpo
“Water has flooded the road: The
road is flooded with water.”
Ọgba
ro ne ẹvbo
“The tap is crowded
(with people).”

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rogho [ ` '][ɽòɣó] {SS::} vb. to be undesirably soft
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or watery; (of fruit or vegetable);
to deteriorate; to start to rot.:
Etamatosi hia ne ọ dẹ rre rogho vuọn
okhuae
“All the tomatoes she
bought here have started to rot in
the basket.”

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roo [ `'][ɽòó] {SS::} vb. cf. roro.

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roro [ ` '][ɽòɽó] {SM::} vb. 1. to think, to med-
itate; 2. to compute; to reckon; 3.
to add: Roro ehia kugbe ne u khama
mwẹn inu ne iran khin
“Add all
together and tell me how many they
are.”
(also roo).

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rọ1 [ '][ɽɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to exchange: Ya ọnona
rọ ọnii
“Exchange that with this.”;
2. to change money into smaller
denominations; to make change: Lahọ,
rọ ígho na mẹ
“Please, change this
money (into smaller denominations)
for me.”

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rọ2 [ '][ɽɔ́] {SS::} vb. to come to a standstill;
to rest; to stop: Ai miẹ ẹghẹ ne
agbanmwẹn ọnrẹn ya rọ
“There
is never a time that his jaws are at
rest. (i.e. He is forever talking).”

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rọkhọ [ ` '][ɽɔ̀xɔ́] {SS::} vb. (of fruit) 1. to be
very ripe: alimoi na rọkhọ nẹ “This
orange is now very ripe.”
; 2. to be
easy (to do); to be stress-free: Iwinna
ne ọ mu mẹ ru rọkhọ
“The work
that he gave me to do is easy.”
; to
be comfortable; peaceful: Owa na
rọkhọ mwẹn egbe
“This house
is comfortable for me (for my body)”
.
4. (of illness) to subside; to lessen :
Uhunmwonva ẹre fẹko rọkhọ nẹ
“His illness is gradually subsiding.”

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rọn [ '][ɽ̃ɔ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. to drip; to shed moisture
or liquid; to leak: Ofiugbọn rọn
kua vbe uko
“The oil dripped out
of the calabash.”
; 2. to look radiant;
to have a sheen: Ke ne ọ ya sẹ Ẹdo,
te ọ ghi rọn
“Since she arrived in
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Benin, she has been looking radiant.”

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rọnmwẹn [ ` '][ɽ̃ɔ̃̀ɱɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to marry (used
mainly of a woman) Ọtenmwẹn ẹre
ọ rọnmwẹn
“It is my relation
that she married.”

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ru [ '][ɽú] {SM::} vb. 1. to do; to perform ―
Ọ ru iwinna ne a munẹẹn nẹ “He
has already performed the task that
he was assigned.”
; 2. to perform
the ritual rites (e.g. of ancestors or
a deity); to offer sacrifice: Akhuẹ
ẹre ọ khian ru erhae
“It is tomorrow
that he will perform the rites of his
father (or ancestors).”
; 3. to be like;
to have the characteristics of: Ukpọn
ne iran dẹe ru ebebe
“The cloth
which they bought is greenish (is
like foliage)”
.

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ru-khọọ [ ' `'][ɽúxɔ̀ɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to sin; to err;
2. to ill-treat.

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rua1 [ `'][ɽùá] {SS::} adv. indicates that the
action in the verb with which it co-
occurs was performed to the extreme
limit: Ọ bun mwẹn obọ rua “He
broke my hand completely.”
(Other
forms of the adverb are ruan; -uan;
-ua, -a).

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rua2 [ `'][ɽùá] {SS::} pron. same as ruan2.

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ruan1 [ `'][ɽũ̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to drug (a person);
to administer poison (to a person).
Iran ruan rẹn vbe ehe ne ọ yoo
“They drugged him where he went.”

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ruan2 [ `'][ɽũ̀ã́] {SS::} pron. a form of the 2nd
person pl. pron. (poss. & obj.) which
is used mainly by the elderly: Ẹmwẹn
ruan ọ ya mwẹn sẹ usẹ
“It is on
your (pl.) account that I am suffer-
ing”
: “^^I am suffering on your account”.
Now most people would say: “Emwẹn
uwa ọ ya mwẹn sẹ usẹ.” (other forms
of the pronoun are rua, -uan, & -ua).
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ruburubu [ ` ` ` `][ɽùbùɽùbù] {SS::} adj. (usually in-
troduced by the vb. ye) describes
something that is round and smooth.

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rue [ `'][ɽùé] {SS::} vb. to vie with (usually of
co-wives).

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ruegbe [ ` '][ɽwègbé] {SS::} vb. to engage in a
verbal or physical tussle with some-
body: Te iran eveva ruegbe sin
“Both of them have since been engaged
in a tussle.”

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rueghe [ ` '][ɽwèɣé] {SS::} vb. to shake; to move
back and forth; to be unsteady.

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ruẹ1 [ `'][ɽùɛ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to learn: Ọ ruẹe
vbene a ya kuun ẹnrẹn hẹẹ
“He
learned how it is constructed”
; 2. to
teach (to somebody) Ọ ruẹ ọre ikẹkẹ
ne a hin
“He taught him how to
ride a bicycle.”

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ruẹ2 [ `'][ɽùɛ́] {SS::} pron. a form of the 2nd
pers. sgl. pron. (possessive): ebe ruẹ
“Your book”
; (other forms of the
pron. are ruẹn, -uẹ, -uẹn, -ẹn, -ẹ).

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ruẹn [ `'][ɽ̃ũ̀ɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to pour liquid into a
container; to fill with liquid: Ruẹn
amẹ ye ọgọ nii mẹ
“Fill that bottle
with water for me.”

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ruẹn [ ][ɽ̃ũɛ̃] {SS::} n. same as ruẹ2, but
occurs only in a nasal environment:
ẹmwẹn ruẹn “your matter”.

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ruẹse [ ` '][ɽwɛ̀sé] {SM::} vb. 1. (< ru1 ― ẹse) “to
do a kindness”; to help; to bestow
a favour; 2. (as part of the greeting:
“U ruẹse”) to be deserving of one’s
gratitude or indebtedness: “U ruẹse
vbe egbe mwẹn ”
“I am grateful
for your help/kindness to me.”

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rundẹnrundẹn [ ` ` ` `][ɽ̃ũ̀dɛ̃̀ɽ̃ũ̀dɛ̃̀] {SS::} adj. (usu-
ally intr. by the vb. “ye”) describes
something (or somebody) that is
weak and unhealthy-looking.
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runran [ ` '][ɽ̃ũ̀ɽ̃ã́] {SS::} vb. to be startled; to
start or shudder (e.g. with shock or
fright): Ọ runraẹn vbe avan-nukhun-
mwun vaẹn
“She shuddered when
it thundered.”

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ruosa [ ` '][ɽwòsá] {SS::} vb. (< ru1 ― osa) to
incur a debt; to be in debt.

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rururu [ ` ` `][ɽùɽùɽù] {SS::} adj. (usually in-
troduced by the vb. “ye”) describes
a big and distended object.

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