kpa1 [ '][k͡pá] {SM::} vb. 1. to vomit; 2. (with
itan: proverb) to produce; to give:
Ọ kpa itan ma iran “He told them
proverbs.”

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kpa2 [ '][k͡pá] {SS::} vb. (of plantain and banana
plants) to bring forth fruit: Ọghẹdẹ
na kpa nẹ
“This plantain plant has
sprouted a fruit.”

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kpa3 [ '][k͡pá] {SM::} aux. 1. occurs as the con-
ditional element in the hypothetical
clause of a conditional sentence: 1.
kpa rẹn, i ghẹ rre: “Had I known, I
would not have come”
; 2. occurs
in the idiom: Ọ kpa maa . . . meaning
“It is just as well . . .”^^ : Ọ kpa maa
ighẹ ọ ma yo, ẹ ghẹ họn ẹmwẹn ne
iran ta
―^^“It is just as well that he did
not go, he would not have heard what
they were saying”
.

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kpaa [ `'][k͡pàá] {SM::} vb. 1. to raise; to lift up:
Kpaa ihẹ na ghee deghẹ ọ khua
“Lift up this load to see whether
it is heavy”
; 2. to help to carry load:
Gu mwẹn mu ekherhe kpaa ruẹ vbe
ihẹ naa
“Let me help you to carry
some of this load.”

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kpaegbe [ ` '][k͡paègbé] {SS::} vb. (< kpaa ― egbe)
“to raise body”: to stand up; to rise.

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kpaẹn [ `'][k͡pã̀ɛ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. to yank off (e.g.
branches of a tree); 2. to pluck (e.g.
fruits from a tree); 3. to fall off (by
itself). Abọ ọre kpaẹn fua a branch
of it has fallen off
.

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kpankpanankpan [ ' '' '][k͡pã́k͡pã́ã́k͡pã́] {SS::} adj.
very strong; very hard; extremely
solid: Ọ ye kpankpanankpan “It
is very hard”
.

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kpaikpai [ ][k͡paikpai] {SS::} adj. very few;
“one in a number”; an occasional
one: Emwan kpaikpai ọ sẹ evba
“Only a few people get as far as
there.”

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kpakpakpa [ ` ` `][k͡pàk͡pàk͡pà] {SS::} adv. de-
scribes the friskiness of an excited
person or animal: Ọ fi kpakpakpa
“He is darting up and down excitedly.”

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kpalọ [ ` '][k͡pàlɔ́] {SS::} vb. to peel; to strip the
bark off (e.g. a piece of wood or a
tree-trunk): Lahọ, kpalọ alimoi na
mẹ
“Please peel this orange for
me.”

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kpannọ [ ` '][k͡pã̀nɔ̃́] {SS::} vb. reit. or pl. sense
of kpaẹn: Ebe hia kpannọ vuọn otọ
“The leaves have all fallen to the
ground.”

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kpannọkpannọ [ ` ` ` `][k͡pã̀nɔ̃̀k͡pã̀nɔ̃̀] {SS::} adj.
(used with ye) describes a very rough
surface.

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kpaọ [ `'][k͡pàɔ́] {SS::} vb. to leave; to depart:
Erhae kpaọ gha rrie Eko “His
father left and went to Lagos.”

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kpasi [ ` `][k͡pàsì] {SS::} adv. describes a manner
of standing: firmly and upright:
mudia kpasi
“He stood up straight
and firm.”

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kpataki [ ` ` `][kpàtàkì] {SS::} adj. important; sig-
nificant: Ọmwan kpataki nọ vbe
ẹvbo na
“He is an important
person in this town.”

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kpatalẹ [ ` ' `][k͡pàtálɛ̀] {SS::} vb. to defecate (not
in popular use).

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kpe [ '][k͡pé] {SM::} vb. 1. to wash (something):
kpe ọkpan: to wash dishes; to do
dishes
. 2. to immunize oneself with
charms against various sources of
harm; 3. to dress a wound: of. kpẹtẹ.

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kpee1 [ `'][kpèé] {SM::} vb. 1. to play a musical
instrument: Iran gha kpee ema vbe
odọ
“They are playing drums
over there.”
; 2. to sing and dance in
a procession: Iku kpee dee vbe urria:
“A dance group is approaching in
the distance”
.

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kpee2 [ `'][k͡pèé] {SS::} vb. to blame (somebody)
for something that went wrong; to
accuse of being responsible for a
mishap: Ghẹ kpee mwẹn ighẹ i ma
ren ọkpa, i ma rẹn eva vbe emwin
ne ọ ruẹ
“Don’t blame me, for
I know nothing about what is wrong
with you.”

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kpee3 [ `'][kpèé] {SS::} vb. to shout continuous-
ly; to scream: Ọ kpee eve rua vbe
ọ ya aro miẹ ọnrẹn
“She shouted
out a cry when she saw it with her
eyes: She burst out crying when
she set eyes on it.”

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kpee5 [ `'][k͡pèé] {SS::} vb. (with uhunmwun:
“head”): to ache: uhunmwun kpee
mwẹn
: “My head is aching me: I
have a headache.”

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kpeema [ `' `][k͡pèémà] {SS::} vb. (< kpee1
ema) “to play drums”: to drum.

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kpeghe [ ` '][k͡pèɣé] {SS::} vb. to shake; to sway:
Akọn mwẹn kpeghe “My tooth
is shaking.”

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kpẹẹ [ `'][k͡pɛ̀é] {SS::} vb. to be a long time,
to remain for long.: Ọ kpẹre vbe
ugbo
“He was a long time at the
farm.”

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kpẹghẹẹ [ ` ``][k͡pɛ̀ɣɛ̀ɛ̀] {SS::} adj. describes some-
thing that is very smooth: Ukhu egbe
ẹre ye kpẹghẹẹ
“Her skin is very
smooth.”

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kpẹkuru [ ` ` `][k͡pɛ̀kùɽù] {SS::} adj. short.

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kpẹkpẹ [ ` '][k͡pɛ̀k͡pɛ́] {SS::} vb. to frequent a
place; to visit frequently. Ọ kpẹkpẹ
vbe owa mwẹn
“He visits my house
often.”

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kpẹn [ '][k͡pɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. (with iyan or ema): to
harvest. Iran gha kpẹn iyan vbe
ugbo
“They are harvesting yams
at the farm.”

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kpẹnrẹn [ ' '][k͡pɛ̃́ɽɛ̃́] {SS::} adj. of very limited
value; not much: Ẹghe kpẹnrẹn ẹre ọ
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gbe vbe evba “It was a very short
time that he spent there.”

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kpẹtẹsi [ ` ' `][k͡pɛ̀tɛ́sì] {SS::} n. cf. ekpẹtẹsi.

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kpẹwẹkpẹwẹ [ ` ` ` `][kpɛ̀wɛ̀kpɛ̀wɛ̀] {SS::} adj. un-
healthily; puffy: irho kpẹwẹkpẹwẹ
“puffy cheeks.”

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kpigho [ ' `][k͡píɣò] {SS::} vb. (< kpe-ìgho) “to
wash horns”: (idiom) to struggle (with
somebody); to compete (with some-
body): Iran vbe arowa re gha kpigho
“He is having a struggle with his
master.”

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kpiii [ ```][kpììì] {SS::} adv. describes a loud ap-
plause by a crowd. (also tiii).

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kpogho1 [ ` '][k͡pòɣó] {SS::} vb. to be loose; not
tight: Italawẹ na kpogho vbe ẹkun
mwẹn
“These trousers are loose
around my waist.”
(also logho).

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kpogho2 [ ` '][k͡pòɣó] {SS::} vb. to make a solu-
tion; to prepare a liquid mixture:
Kpogho ukhunmwun nẹẹn nẹ ọ wọn
“Mix a solution of medicine for
him to drink.”

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kpokpo [ ` '][k͡pòk͡pó] {SS::} vb. to worry (some-
body); to harass; to disturb.

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kpola [ ` '][k͡pòló] {SM::} vb. 1. to sweep; 2.
to gather (things) together; to assemble
(things): Emwin hia ma ghi mwẹn
vbe owa, avbe oyi kpolo ehia, iran
viọre.
―^^“All the things that we have
in the house, the thieves assembled
all and took away”
; (cf. koko1).
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kpoo1 [ `'][k͡pòó] {SS::} vb. to sink; to give way
(e.g. of the ground): Otọ kpooro vbe
iyekowa
“The ground sank in
the backyard.”

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kpoo2 [ ``][k͡pòò] {SS::} adv. describes intensity
of brightness, (e.g. of a flame): Ẹrhẹn
baa kpoo
“The fire is flaming very
brightly.”

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kpoorhu [ `' `][k͡pòórhù] {SS::} vb. (< kpee-urhu)
“to shout voice”: to preach.

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kpọ [ '][k͡pɔ́] {SS::} vb. to be plentiful; to be
in large supply: Evbare waa kpọ vbe
ẹvbo na
“Food is in large supply
in this town.”

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kpọkọ [ ` '][k͡pɔ̀kɔ́] {SS::} vb. to dribble; to emit
saliva: (of infants, after a meal.)

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kpọkpọọkpọ [ ' '' '][k͡pɔ́kpɔ́ɔ́kpɔ́] {SS::} adv. (usu-
ally with hunwan: to be silent) total
silence: Iran hunwan kpọkpọọkpọ
“They maintained total silence.”

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kpọlọ [ ` '][k͡pɔ̀lɔ́] {SS::} vb. to be large; big; huge.
Owa ne ọ bọe waa kpọlọ “The
house he built is quite large.”

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kpọnrọnkpọnrọn [ ` ` ` `][k͡pɔ̃̀ɽ̃ɔ̃̀kpɔ̃̀ɽ̃ɔ̃̀] {SS::} adj.
(with aro: eye) protruding: Ọ ru
aro kpọnrọnkpọnrọn vbe aro ẹkirẹ

“He has protruding eyes like those
of a frog.”

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kpọnmwẹn [ ` '][k͡pɔ̃̀ɱɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to thank; to
give thanks to: Ọ kpọnmwẹn mwẹn
ye iyobo ne i rhie nẹẹn
“He thanked
me for the help I gave him.”

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