ha1 [ '][há] {SM::} vb. 1. to pierce; 2. to pen-
etrate: Ha uvun ye ebe na “Pierce
a hole in this paper.”
Olodẹ ha mwẹn
obọ
“A needle has pierced my
hand.”

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ha2 [ '][há] {SS::} vb. to start suddenly; to
shudder: Ọ hae vbe ọ bẹghe mwẹn
“She started suddenly when she
saw me.”

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haa1 [ `'][hàá] {SS::} vb. to frighten; to cause to
shudder.

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haa2 [ `'][hàá] {SM::} vb. 1. to parcel something;
2. (yams) to tie to stakes.

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haako [ `' `][hàákò] {SS::} vb. (< haa-ako) “to
parcel a gift”: to send a gift parcel.

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hae [ `'][hàé] {SS::} vb. to pay; to compensate:
Ha ígho ne ọ khare “Pay the amount
she specified.”

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haan1 [ `'][hã̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to slope; to slant.

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haan2 [ `'][hã̀ã́] {SS::} vb. (of eating) to cause to
choke (from food or liquid going into
the windpipe). Ẹhiẹn haan mwẹn
“Pepper has choked me (by getting
into my windpipe).”

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haan3 [ `'][hã̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to deck up oneself in
good clothes; to be all dressed up.

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hanmwan [ ` '][hã̀ɱã́] {SS::} vb. to be pregnant;
to be with child.
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hannọ [ ` '][hã̀nɔ̃́] {SS::} vb. to select; to pick
out; to choose.

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hapa [ ' `][hápà] {SS::} vb. to tie a piece of cloth
around the waist and between the
legs (to protect the sex organs) like
underpants. This is often done as
extra precaution before a fight.

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he1 [ '][hé] {SS::} vb. to refuse; to reject; to
decline.

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he2 [ '][hé] {SS::} adv. (occurs in negative sent-
ences): as yet: I ma he kpaọ “I
did not leave as yet; i.e. I have not
yet left.”
; I i he kpao “^^I do not
leave as yet; i.e. I will not leave as
yet.”
.

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he3 [ '][hé] {SS::} aux. indicates that an action
was “finally” performed after much
reluctance or difficulty: ọ he kpaọ
“He finally left (thank goodness!)”
.

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heu [ '`][héù] {SS:int:} int. an exclamation of sur-
prise; regret, or lamentation.

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hẹẹ1 [ `'][hɛ̀ɛ́] {SS::} vb. to pack and take away
several things; to gather and remove.

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hẹẹ2 [ `'][hɛ̀ɛ́] {SS::} vb. in: hẹẹ yo, hẹẹ rre
to heave up and down (e.g. of waves);
to parade up and down
.

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hẹẹ3 [ ' ][hɛ́ɛ] {SS::} adv. the second part of
the interrogative formula for “how”
questions: vbe-hẹẹ?: vbe ọ kha hẹẹ? ―
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“How did he speak: what did he say?”
vbe ọ ru hee? “How did he behave?”.

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hẹẹkẹn [ `' `][hɛ̀ɛ́kɛ̃̀] {SS::} vb. (< hẹẹ ― ekẹn)
“to pack mud”: to pile up and pre-
pare mud for house-building.

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hẹẹ́n [ ''][hɛ̃́ɛ̃́] {SS:int:} int. yes.

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hẹẹ̀n [ '`][hɛ̃́ɛ̃̀] {SS:int:} int. no.

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hẹko [ ` '][hɛ̀kó] {SS::} vb. cf. fẹko.

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hẹnhẹn [ ` '][hɛ̃̀hɛ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. to level up;
to make level; 2. to form a sediment
in a liquid.

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hẹnhontọ [ ` ' `][hɛ̃̀hṍtɔ̀] {SS::} vb. (< hẹnhẹn ―
otọ) to level ground in preparation
for erecting a building on it.

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hẹnmwẹn [ ' `][hɛ̃́ɱɛ̃̀] {SS::} vb. (< họn ―
ẹmwẹn) “to hear word” to be
obedient; to be responsive to instruc-
tion.

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hẹnnẹdẹn [ ' ' '][hɛ̃́nɛ̃́dɛ̃́] {SS::} adv. safely;
wholesomely.

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hẹwẹ1 [ ` '][hɛ̀wɛ́] {SS::} vb. (< hẹẹ2 ― ẹwẹẹ)―
to breathe: Ọ gha hẹwẹ fuẹn-fuẹn
“He is breathing fast: He is panting”
.

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hẹwẹ2 [ ` '][hɛ̀wɛ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to rest; to take
a break from something exerting:
ghi zẹ winna, ọ na yaa hẹwẹ
“After
working for a while, he went to rest.”
;
2. to refrain from doing something;
to stop doing what one was previously
doing: ọ hẹwẹ nẹẹ, ẹ i ghi viẹ “She
has stopped, she is no longer crying.”

(also koẹtin).

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hi [ '][hí] {SS::} vb. to pledge with one’s maker
about the course of one’s life in the
next reincarnation.

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hia1 [ `'][hìá] {SM::} vb. 1. to make an effort;
to try; 2. to struggle against odds;
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3. to make appreciable mark in one’s
effort: Ọ hiare vbe edanmwẹn ne
iran ruu
“He tried in the examina-
tion that they did.”

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hia2 [ `'][hìá] {SS::} vb. to scrape off (skin or
cover): Hia ukpakọn na mẹ “Scrape
off the skin from this chewing-stick
for me.”

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hia [ '][hyá] {SS::} quant. cf. ehia.

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hian [ `'][hĩ̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to be clear and clean
(e.g. of stream-water); to be bright
(e.g. of cloth that has been washed
clean).

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hie1 [ `'][hìé] {SS::} vb. to blow on a fire to
keep it glowing: Hie ẹrhẹn na ne ọ
ghẹ dọyọ
“Blow this fire so that
it won’t go out”
; 2. to steam, or
massage with a hot substance: Ọ ya
amerhẹn hie ẹre uhunmwun
“He
massaged his head with hot water.”

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hie2 [ `'][hìé] {SM::} vb. 1. to put a ceiling on
a room; 2. to construct the ridge of
a roof.

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hie3 [ `'][hìé] {SS::} vb. to arch; to bend; (also
hierre): Iyeke ẹre ghi hierre ne ihẹ
“His back has become bent from the
load he has been carrying”
.

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hiehie [ `' `'][hìéhìé] {SS::} adv. (occurs in ques-
tions or negative sentences only)
at all: Ọ ma hiehie ra? “Is it good
at all?”
Ẹo, ẹ i ma hiehie “No, it’s
not good at all.”

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hiengbe [ ` '][hyẽ̀gbé] {SS::} vb. (< hin ― egbe)
“to climb body”: to cover one’s body:
Ọ ya ukpọn hiengbe: “He used cloth
to cover his body: He is covering
his body with a cloth”
.

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hiẹ [ `'][hìɛ́] {SS::} vb. to reduce in quantity or
intensity: (e.g. of a crowd). ẹvbo hiẹ
nẹ vbe evba
“People are now fewer
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there.”

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hiẹrẹ [ ' '][hiɛ́ɽɛ́] {SS::} adj. (usually with ye)
quiet and peaceful: Ehe hia ye hiẹrẹ
“Everywhere is peaceful”
.

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higboo [ ' ''][hígbóó] {SS::} adj. describes height:
very tall and well-built (of human
beings) (cf. gbọhuun).

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hihiẹ [ ` '][hìhyɛ́] {SS::} vb. to pour; to spill:
hihiẹ amẹ kua vbe akhe nii “Pour
out the water from that pot.”

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hii [ `'][hìí] {SM:int:} int. 1. exclamation of shock,
regret, or disappointment: Hii! u ghẹ
giẹ de
“Oh dear, you shouldn’t
have let it drop.”
; 2. adj.; adv. very
quiet; very calm.

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hiihii [ `` ``][hììhìì] {SS::} adj.; adv. (occurs with ye
or ru) misty; hazy.

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hiin [ `'][hĩ̀ĩ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to climb: ọ hiin
odukhun
“He climbed up.”; 2. to
swell: Ehe ne ọ gbekpa yọ ọre hiinrin
The place where he hit him has
swollen up
(cf. hinmwian); 3. (of
new moon) to rise or appear: Uki
hiinrin node
“The new moon
appeared yesterday.”

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hin [ `'][hĩ̀ĩ́] {SS::} vb. to ride (e.g. bicycle or
horse).

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hinmwian [ ` '][hĩ̀ɱĩã́] {SS::} vb. to swell; to be
swollen: Owẹ ne i ya khian hinmwiaẹn
“The feet with which I walked
are swollen.”

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hio [ '][hyó] {SS::} vb. to be arrogant; to be
proud.

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hiọ1 [ `'][hìɔ́] {SS::} vb. to urinate.

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hiọ2 [ `'][hìɔ́] {SS::} vb. to run a line through
something with a knife to open it
(e.g. a pod of Kola-nut).
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hiọrọ [ ` '][hyɔ̀ɽɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to crawl along the
ground (e.g. a snake’s motion); 2.
to drag something on the ground
(e.g. something heavy): Iran gba hiọrọ
erhan nii la iba
“They both dragged
that piece of wood on to the slab.”

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hiọnrọn [ ` '][hyɔ̃̀ɽ̃ɔ̃́] {SS::} vb. to breathe.

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ho-bẹkun [ ` ` '][hòbɛ̀kṹ] {SS::} vb. (< hoo1
bẹkun) to fail to find; to be irrecover-
able; to be lost.

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hoaro [ `' `][hùáɽò] {SS::} vb. (< hoo1 ― aro):
to be curious; to be forward.

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hoẹmwẹn1 [ `' `][hùɛ́ɱɛ̃̀] {SM::} vb. (< hoo1
ẹmwẹn) 1. to be quarrelsome; 2.
to provoke; to offend: Iran ọ ho ẹre
ẹmwẹn
: “They are the ones who
provoked him.”

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hoẹmwẹn2 [ `' `][hùɛ́ɱɛ̃̀] {SS::} vb. (< hoo1
ẹmwẹn) “to want the words”^^
to like somebody; to love somebody.

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hoho [ ` '][hòhó] {SS::} vb. to blow (e.g. of
wind).

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hohua [ ` `'][hòhùá] {SS::} vb. to come to naught.

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hoo1 [ `'][hòó] {SM::} vb. 1. to look for; to want.

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hoo2 [ `'][hòó] {SS::} vb. to have sexual inter-
course with.

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họ [ '][hɔ́] {SS::} vb. to lay (eggs).

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họn [ '][hɔ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. to hear; 2. to under-
stand. 3. (with ẹmwẹn) to obey;
to heed counsel or advice.

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họnmwẹn [ ` '][hɔ̃̀ɱɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to brush one-
self or something as a means of
purification (e.g. after a breach of
taboo): ọ gbe ẹwe ya honmwengbe
“He killed a goat and used it to purify
himself.”

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họnmwẹngbe [ ` ` ][hɔ̃̀ɱẽ̀g͡be] {SS::} vb. to per-
form purification of self. (cf.
họnmwẹn).

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họọ [ `'][hɔ̀ɔ́] {SS::} vb. to wash (of clothes).

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họọn [ `'][hɔ̃̀ɔ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. to sprout (of new
leaves); to grow (of hair).

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hu1 [ '][hú] {SM::} vb. 1. to foam; 2. (of soap)
to form a lot of suds (i.e. to be ef-
fective for washing things clean).

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hu2 [ '][hú] {SS::} vb. to show rapid growth
(esp. the young of humans or animals).

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hu3 [ '][hú] {SS::} vb. (with ekpa) to cause to
want to vomit: to cause nausea; Ewia
naa hu mwẹn ekpa
“This smell
rouses nausea in me; i.e. it makes
me want to vomit.”

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huan [ `'][hũ̀ã́] {SM::} vb. 1. to be clean; to
become clean; to be neat; 2. to be
holy (in the Christian sense): Orhiọn
Nọhuanrẹn
“The Holy Spirit”.

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hue [ `'][hùé] {SS::} vb. to swell; to rise; to
increase in bulk: Igari na huere
“This garri has increased in bulk.”

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huẹ [ `'][hùɛ́] {SS::} vb. to sulk; to be moody.
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huẹhuẹ [ ` '][hwɛ̀hwɛ́] {SS::} vb. to be sickly.

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huẹn [ `'][hũ̀ɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to rouse somebody
(from sleep or state of unconscious-
ness).

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huẹnrẹn [ '][hũɛ̃ɽ̃ɛ̃́] {SS::} adj. very narrow and
deep (like a long narrow passage,
or a bush path).

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hughu [ ` '][hùɣú] {SS::} vb. to heave; to move
back and forth (of a mass, such as
water or a crowd). Iran na gha hughu
yo hughu rre
“They were heaving
back and forth.”

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hun [ ][hũ] {SS::} vb. (with the noun ovbe
“sleep”) to have a desire for (sleep):
Ovbe hun mwẹn “Sleep is with
me” ― I am feeling sleepy
.

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hunhunhun [ ' ' '][hṹhṹhṹ] {SS::} adv. (with the
verb gui ― to grumble) describes the
indistinct hum of muttering: Ọ gha
gui vba hunhunhun
“He is there
muttering indistinctly (like a bee).”

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hunwan [ ` '][hũ̀w̃ã́] {SS::} vb. to be silent; to
stop crying (of a child).

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hurọọ [ ` ``][hùrɔ̀ɔ̀] {SS::} adv. describes a dull
appearance; lifeless and dull.

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