gba1 [ '][g͡bá] {SS::} adv. indicates that the ac-
tion in the main vb. was performed
collectively: Iran gba rrievbare
“They ate together”
.

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gba [ `][g͡bà] {SS::} vb. to tie; to bind: ya
irri gbae
“Use a rope to tie it:
Tie it with a rope”
.

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gba3 [ '][g͡bá] {SM::} vb. 1. to be complete; to
be accurate; 2. to assemble; to gather
(of people): Ẹvbo gba ye evba
“People are gathered there.”
Ígho
nii gbae
“That amount is accurate.”

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gbakhẹẹ [ ` `'][g͡bàxɛ̀ɛ́] {SS::} vb. to waylay; to
lie in wait for.

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gbaa [ `'][g͡bàá] {SS::} vb. to know somebody
thoroughly, (especially his/her weak-
nesses or failures): Iran hia gbaa ruẹ
nẹ
“They all know all your weak-
nesses already.”

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gbaan [ `'][g͡bã̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to shift; to cause to
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move or fall by brushing against:
Ọ ya ukoko-obọ gbaan mwẹn emiowo
fua vbe obọ
“He used his elbow
to knock down my meat from my
hand”
.

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gbadaa [ ' ''][gbádáá] {SS::} adj.; adv. (with ye)
wide and expansive (e.g. field; lake).
(also gbalaa; gbalazaa, gbodoo).

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gbae [ '`][g͡báè] {SS::} vb. to be big; to be
full-sized (also digba).

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gbaẹngbe [ ` '][g͡bã̀ɛ̃gbé] {SS::} vb. (< gbaẹn-
egbe): “to shift body”: to move out
of the way for something/someone;
to shift one’s position; to avoid.

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gbaghada [ ` ` `][g͡bàɣàdà] {SS::} adv. describes a
manner of falling: like the fall of
something with branches or extensions
(e.g. a person falling from a height
with the limbs spread out).

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gbaigbai1 [ ` ` ][g͡bàig͡bài] {SS::} adv. (with the
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verb yunnu: to open and close re-
peatedly; to gasp: ọ ghi yunnu gbaigbai
vbene ọ khian wu
“He is now
gasping like someone about to die.”

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gbaigbai2 [ ` ` ][g͡bàig͡bài] {SS::} adv. describes a
manner of walking: with confident
strides: ọ gha ze owe gbaigbai: “He
is striding confidently”.

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gbakiyẹyẹ [ ' ' ` '][g͡bákíyɛ̀yɛ́] {SS::} vb. (< gbe-
akiyẹyẹ) “to make a joke”, to make
a fool of; to make a joke of: Iran gha
yae gbakiyẹyẹ
“They are making
a fool of him”
.

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gbakpan1 [ ' '][g͡bákpã́] {SS::} vb. (< gbe-akpan)
to be bald.

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gbakpan2 [ ' '][g͡bák͡pã́] {SS::} vb. (< gbe-akpan):
“to cause obstruction with foot”:
1. to obstruct or intercept someone
walking along by causing him/her
to stumble over his/her foot:
gbakpan yọ mwẹn owẹ, i na de

“He caused me to stumble, and I fell”
:
to cause to falter in one’s walk: Ukpọn
ne ọ rhuaen gbakpan ye ọre owẹ
―^^
“The cloth she had wrapped around
her caused her to falter in her walk.”

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gbalama [ ' ` `][g͡bálàmà] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ―
alama) to be meddlesome; to under-
take responsibilities that normally
belong to others.

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gbalaza [ ' ' '][g͡bálázá] {SS::} adj.; adv. cf. gbadaa.

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gbaleto [ ` ` '][g͡bàlètó] {SS::} vb. (< gbalọ ― eto)
“to wrap hair”: to wear a head-scarf.

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gbalọ [ ` '][g͡bàlɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to wrap; 2. pl.
or iter. sense of gba: to tie several
objects; or to tie a rope round and
round several times.

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gbangbanangban [ ' '' '][g͡bã́g͡bã́ã́g͡bã́] {SM::} adj.;
adv.
1. (introduced by the verb
ye): strong; tight; 2. (used with
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other verbs): tightly; firmly: Ọ ya
ise kan iran kugbe gbangbanangban
“He nailed them together firmly.”

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gbangbanangban [ ` `` `][g͡bã̀g͡bã̀ã̀gbã̀] {SS::} adj.;
adv.
erect; stiff; rigid.: ọ mudia
gbangbanangban
: “It stood erect.”

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gbankangbankan [ ` ` ` `][g͡bã̀kã̀g͡bã̀kã̀] {SS::} adj.;
adv.
describes shape: big and thick
(of several objects).

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gbannọ [ ` '][g͡bã̀nɔ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. to clear; to
brighten up; (e.g. of cloudy weather):
Iso hia gbannọ nẹ “The entire sky
has cleared. (i.e. it won’t rain any
longer)”^^
; 2. (of sickness) to improve:
Oni ne ọ gbẹe fẹko gbannọ nẹ “The
fever that had afflicted him is now
gradually improving.”

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gbaroghee [ ' ` `'][g͡báɽòɣèé] {SS::} vb. (< gbe2
aro ― ghee): to take care of; to look
after: Rẹn ẹre ọ gbaroghe mwẹn vbe
asikito
“He was the person who
looked after me in the hospital”
.

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gbasan [ ' '][g͡básã́] {SM::} vb. 1. (< gbe3 ― asan)
“to beat (with) cane”; to whip; to
cane; 2. (idiomatic); to urinate (of
male only).

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gbe1 [ '][g͡bé] {SM::} vb. 1. to hatch: ọkhọkhọ
mwẹn gbe ihinrọn
“My hen hatched
seven (chicks)”^^
; 2. to break (of day):
Ẹdẹ ma he gbe “The day has not
broken: It is not yet daybreak.”
;
3. to force open (e.g. door) Urho-
iyekowa ẹre oyi gbe laọ owa
“It
was the back door that the thief
forced open to get into the house.”
;
4. (with ete olighi, etc.): to pre-
cipitate something; to cause; to bring
about: Ọ gbe olighi ye iran iko
“He caused a disruption in their
meeting.”

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gbe2 [ '][g͡bé] {SM::} vb. 1. to dance: Iran gha
gbe ugho
“They are dancing ugho
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dance”. 2. to move: ọ gha gbe yo
gbe re
“It is moving back and
forth; i.e. it is not stable”
.

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gbe3 [ '][g͡bé] {SM::} vb. 1. to beat; flog: Iye
Ozo gbẹẹ ye emwin ne ọ mu-fua

“Ozo’s mother beat him on account
of the thing he lost”
. 2. to catch
in a trap: Ọ ya ifi gbe uzo “He
caught an antelope with his trap.”

3. to kill; imọto gbe arhunmwenva
vbe odẹ Ẹdo
“A car killed two
people along the Benin road.”

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gbe4 [ '][g͡bé] {SS::} vb. to pick leaves of a
plant by hand: I khian ya gbe
ebuwọnmwẹn vbe iyekowa
“I
am going to pick vegetables from
the back-yard.”

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gbe5 [ '][g͡bé] {SS::} vb. to undertake; to do;
to make; to produce; gbugbo gbe
ugbo): “to do farm” ― to make a
farm, or to engage in farming
.

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gbe6 [ '][g͡bé] {SM::} vb. 1. (usually with liquids)
to pour, to spill: Ọ gbe amẹ ye otọ
“He poured water on the ground”
;
2. to expose to ; to come into contact
with: Ọ ya egbe gbe amẹ “He got
his body wet.”
3. to soil; to make
dirty: Ọ gbe ukpọn gbe “she wears
out cloth too readily.”

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gbe7 [ '][g͡bé] {SS::} vb. to be forfeited; to be
gone for good: Igho hia ne o zẹ ye
ovbokhan ren uhunmwun gbee

“All the money he had paid on his
wife’s head (i. e. as bride-price) is
forfeited.”

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gbe8 [ '][g͡bé] {SM::} adv. 1. very well; very
much: ọ mose gbe “She is very
beautiful”
; 2. excessively; too much.
Ọghue bun gbe “Yours are too
plentiful i.e. Yours are more than
you should have.”

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gbè [ `][g͡bè] {SS:loc:} prep. against: Ọ mu uh-
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unmwun gbe ẹkhu “He hit his
head against the door.”

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gbè-gué [ ` `'][g͡bègwèé] {SS::} vb. to protect
one’s secrets or weakness; to cover
up for someone.

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gbè-kaan [ ` ' ][gbèkã́ɛ̃] {SS::} vb. “to move and
touch”: to venture into contact with;
to cross somebody’s path (in an
adventurous sense): Ghẹ gbe-kaan
rẹn ighẹ ẹ i maa
“Don’t cross his
path, for he is not good!”
.

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gbe-kue [ ` '][g͡bèkweé] {SS::} vb. “to break and
spill over”: to abuse vituperatively;
to revile a person. Okhuo nii ghi
gbe-kue Ozo nẹ, ekhue na ghi mu
ẹnrẹn
“After that woman had
reviled Ozo, he became ashamed.”

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gbe-muotọ [ ` ' `][g͡bèmwótɔ̀] {SS::} vb. “to beat to
the ground” 1. to ruin completely;
to exhaust someone’s resources; 2.
to deface; to wreck.

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gbe-rua [ ` '][g͡bèɽuá] {SS::} vb. “to beat to the
limit”: to kill. (also gbua).

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gbee [ `'][g͡bèé] {SM::} vb. 1. to slant: Owẹ
ọvbokhan na gbeere
“This child’s
legs are slanted i.e. they are not
straight.”
2. Iran mu erhan
gbee odẹ
“They placed a stick
across the road to block it.”

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gbegbeegbe [ ' '' '][g͡bég͡béég͡bé] {SS::} adv. all
(without exception); totally: Iran
hia kpaa gbegbeegbe
“They all
left totally.”

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gbei [ '][g͡beí] {SS::} adv. (usually occurs after a
clause or sentence to denote that the
action expressed by the verb in the
clause/sentence was performed in vain:
Vbene iran gualọ ọre sẹ, gbei, a ma
miọẹn
“In spite of how hard they
looked for it, it was in vain; it was
not found.”

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gbehẹn [ ' `][g͡béhɛ̃̀] {SS::} vb. (< gbe3 ― ehen)
“to catch fish”: to fish.

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gbenbe [ ` '][g͡bẽ̀bé] {SS::} vb. (< gbẹn-ebe) “to
write book”: to write; to write a letter.

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gbele [ ` '][g͡bèlé] {SS::} vb. pl. or reit. of gbe:
ya asan gbele iran
“He flogged
them with a cane.”

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gberraa [ ` `'][g͡bèràá] {SS::} vb. to pass; to cross;
to go through.

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gbẹbẹn [ ' `][gbɛ́bɛ̃̀] {SS::} vb. (< gbe2-ebẹn) “to
dance (with) ẹbẹn”: to toss ẹbẹn in
the ceremonial dance performed by
chiefs while paying their respects
to the Ọba.

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gbẹhun [ ` '][g͡bɛ̀hṹ] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ― ẹhun)
“to break into a decayed state”: to
decay from insect contamination.

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gbẹmwẹnho [ ` ` '][g͡bɛ̀ɱɛ̃̀hó] {SS::} vb. (< gbe-
ẹmwẹn-ẹho): to spell out the mean-
ing of a word in direct terms; to
speak in direct, rather than idiomatic
language.

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gbẹn1 [ '][g͡bɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to write; to carve; to
mark.

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gbẹn2 [ '][g͡bɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to deflesh a piece of
meat; to chew around bone.

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gbẹn3 [ '][g͡bɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. to clear off grass from
a plot: gbẹn irunmwun “cut grass”.

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gbẹngbẹn [ ` '][g͡bɛ̃̀gbɛ̃́] {SM::} vb. 1. intensive
sense of gbẹn2; 2. to narrate in great
detail, especially in secret: Emwin
hia ne iran ru ẹre vbe iyẹe i rre owa,
ọ na doo gbẹngbẹn ehia ma iyẹe

“All the things that they had done
to her when her mother was away
from home, she then narrated it all
in great detail to her mother”
.

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gbẹnnẹ [ ` '][gbɛ̃̀nɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. pl. and reit. sense
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of gben1: Ọ gbẹnnẹ emwin ye aro
“She has marks on her face.”

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gbẹro [ ' '][g͡bɛ́ɽó] {SS::} vb. to be exterminated.
U gha gbẹro “May you become
exterminated”. (a common curse)
.

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gbẹtẹ [ ' `][g͡bɛ́tɛ̀] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ― ẹtẹ): to
have an ulcer or a sore (usually on a
leg or foot).

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gbẹu [ ` ][g͡bɛ̀u] {SS::} adv. describes a sudden
and hard fall.

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gbidii [ ' ''][g͡bídíí] {SS::} adv. with the verb
(hunwan): mute; without uttering a
sound. I tuẹ ọre;^:^ ọ hunwan gbidii ―
“I greeted him; he remained dead
silent.”

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gbìdii [ ` ``][g͡bìdìì] {SS::} adv. describes the sound
of something heavy, such as a tree
falling into water.

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gbigiawẹ [ ` ' `][g͡bìgyáwɛ̀] {SS::} vb. (< gbe2
igiawẹ) to move with loud steps:
to stamp around; to step firmly and
loudly.

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gbigunma [ ` ' `][g͡bìgṹmã̀] {SS::} vb. (< gbe5 -
iguma) to grunt (e.g. with pain or
fatigue).

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gbigbi [ ` '][g͡bìg͡bí] {SS::} vb. to spread like the
wind: Iyẹn nii gbigbi se ehe hia nẹ
That news has spread everywhere
(like the wind)
.

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gbigbigbi [ ` ` `][g͡bìg͡bìg͡bì] {SS::} adv. describes 1.
the sound of a forceful knock on
the door; 2. the movement of a
strong wind or storm.

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gbigbo [ ' `][g͡bíg͡bò] {SS::} vb. (< gbe3 ― igbo)
“to hit a top”^^: to play the game of
igbo (in which a top is spinned in
sand, by means of a piece of string
tied to a stick).
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gbii [ ''][g͡bíí] {SS::} adj.; adv. (with ye) nu-
merous; very many.

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gbighidi [ ` ` `][g͡bìɣìdì] {SS::} adv. describes the
falling of a big and heavy object.

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gbikhiavbọ [ ' `][g͡bíxyavɔ̀] {SS::} vb. (< gbe3
ikhiavbọ) to beat okro in a wooden
mortar with a pestle (the traditional
method of preparing okro for use
in soup.)

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gbinna1 [ ` '][g͡bĩ̀nã́] {SS::} vb. to fight.

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gbinna2 [ ` '][gbĩ̀nã́] {SS::} vb. to seek the pro-
tection of somebody (from an
adversary).

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gbinrunmwun [ ' ` `][g͡bĩ́ɽũ̀ɱũ̀] {SS::} vb. (< gbẹn
― irunmwun): to clear grass.

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gbirhu1 [ ` '][g͡bìřú] {SS::} vb. (< gbe5 ― irhu)
to make a roost (of a bird) to sit
on eggs; to brood.

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gbirhu2 [ ` '][g͡bìřṹ] {SS::} vb. (< gbe5 ― irhu)
“to make a shade” to cast a shade.

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gbirro [ ' `][g͡bírò] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ― irro):
to pose a riddle.

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gbiyarre [ ` ' `][g͡bìyárè] {SS::} vb. (< gbe-iyare)
“to shout ‘Iyare’ ”: to wish well
somebody who is embarking on a
challenging enterprise by uttering
“Iyare” (May you go and come);
to wish safe return from the per-
formance of a feat.

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gboba [ ' `][g͡bóbà] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ― oba): to
be dented; to cave in.

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gbobodo [ ' '` `][g͡bóbóòdò] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ―
obodo): “to dance obodo”: to
pirouette; to spring and spin round
and round on one foot.

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gbodan [ ' '][g͡bódã́] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ― odan):
to interrupt; to obstruct.
%%

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gbodoo [ ' ''][g͡bódóó] {SS::} adj.; adv. very
wide, broad (also gbodoo [ ` ``][gbòdòò];
gboo).

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gbogiẹ [ ` '][g͡bògyɛ́] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ― ogié)
laugh at; to make fun of.

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gbohio [ ` '][g͡bòhyó] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ― ohio):
to cave in; (of ground): to give way.

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gbokoo [ ' ''][g͡bókóó] {SS::} adj. (used with ye)
well-built; (of human beings); tall
and stout.

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gbokhokho [ ' `][g͡bóxoxò] {SS::} vb. (< gbe3
okhokho): to hit on the head with
the knuckles.

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gbokhokheve [ ` ' ` '][g͡bòxóxèvé] {SS::} vb. (<
gbe1 ― okhokho-evẹ): to burst into
tears; gbokhokhogie: “to burst into
laughter”.

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gboo [ ''][g͡bóó] {SS::} adj. cf. gbodoo.

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gbotọ1 [ ' `][g͡bótɔ̀] {SS::} vb. (< gbe3 ― otọ):
to wear routinely; to wear everyday.

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gbotọ2 [ ' `][g͡bótɔ̀] {SS::} adv. (< gbe ― otọ):
against the ground; down: Ọ de gbotọ:
“It fell down”; “it dropped”
.

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gbọfọ [ ][g͡bɔfɔ] {SS::} vb. (< gbe ― ọfọ): to
break out (with) sweat: to become
damp; to be wet.

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gbọhun [ ' ''][g͡bɔ́hṹṹ] {SS::} adj.; adv. of hu-
man beings: to be tall and stout (e.g.
an over-grown child).

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gbọọ [ `'][g͡bɔ̀ɔ́] {SS::} vb. to bark (of a dog).

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gbọọ [ `'][g͡bɔ̀ɔ́] {SS::} vb. to plant seedlings or
cuttings: Ọ gbọọ iyan “He planted
yam seedlings.”

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gbọọọ [ ```][g͡bɔ̀ɔ̀ɔ̀] {SS::} adv. staring foolishly;
looking agape.
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gbọrho [ ' `][g͡bɔ́řɔ̀] {SM::} vb. (< gbe1 ― ọrho):
“to hit mud”: 1. to be muddy, to
get into mud; 2. to move around in
the mud.

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gbọtọn [ ' `][g͡bɔ́tɔ̃̀] {SS::} vb. (< gbe1 ― ọtọn)
to break out with rust: to become
rusty.

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gbọvo [ ` '][g͡bɔ̀vó] {SS::} vb. (< gbe5 ― ọvo―)^^:
to begrudge; to resent.

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gbua [ `'][g͡bùá] {SS::} vb. (see gbe-rua).

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gbubi [ ' `][g͡búbì] {SS::} vb. (< gbe3 ― ubi):
to slap (somebody).

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gbugbo [ ' '][gbúgbó] {SS::} vb. (< gbe5 ― ugbo)
%%

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“to make farm”: to farm.

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gbuke [ ' `][g͡búkè] {SS::} vb. (< gbe2 ― uke):
“to dance uke dance”: to dance with
joy by stamping around to a beat.

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gbukegbuke [ ' ' ' '][g͡búkég͡búké] {SS::} adv. de-
scribes a revolting smell: Ọ wia
gbukegbuke
It smells very badly.

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gbukpukpẹ [ ' ' `][g͡búk͡púk͡pɛ̀] {SM::} vb. (< gbe2
― ukpukpe) 1. to dance “ukpukpe”
dance; 2. to trek back and forth
anxiously.

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gbuu [ ``][g͡bùù] {SS::} adv. describes a bad
smell; (e.g. of fermented cassava.).

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