ba1 [ '][bá] {SS::} vb. to watch; to guard: ghá
ba ẹre ne ẹ ghẹ lẹ fua
“keep watch-
ing it so that it does not run off”
.

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ba2 [ '][bá] {SM::} vb. 1. to do something steal-
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thily: te ọ ba la owa ẹre i ma na họn
“he sneaked into the house, and
that is why I did not hear him”
. 2.
to walk lifelessly, as if from weak-
ness.
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ba3 [ '][bá] {SS::} aux. to pretend to be doing
something; to fake: Te ọ ba viẹ “He
is pretending to cry”
(also ma).

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baa1 [ `'][bàá] {SM::} vb. 1. to be red or orange;
2. to be brightly coloured. 3. to shine,
e.g. of the moon; to be lit (of lamps &
other sources of light).

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baa2 [ `'][bàá] {SM::} vb. 1. to implant a straight
object into something, mostly into the
ground; to thrust: ọ baa erhan ye
otọ
“he stuck a stick into the
ground”
. 2. (idiomatic) (with ohoghoi):
to pin on, to attribute to: ọ baa mwẹn
ohoghoi
“he pinned lies on me;
i.e., he told lies against me.”

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baa3 [ `'][bàá] {SS::} vb. to be difficult, arduous.

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baa4 [ `'][bàá] {SM::} vb. 1. (with ẹmwẹn) to
twist; to alter: ọ baa mwẹn ẹmwẹn
“he twisted my words: he lied against
me”
.

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baa5 [ `'][bàá] {SS::} vb. part. (usually with vbs.
such as rhie, mu, viọ, etc.) to add to:
rhie ọna baa ọni “take this to add
to that; i.e. add this to that”
.

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baa6 [ `'][bàá] {SS::} adv. compltz. for the sake
of; because of: ọ gbee mwẹn baa
ẹmwẹn ruẹn
“he beat me
because of your affair: he beat me
because of you.”

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baan [ `'][bã̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to abstain from; to give
up something; to stop doing something.

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baba1 [ ` '][bàbá] {SS::} vb. plural or reiterative
sense of baa3 i.e. to implant several
objects or to implant the same object
repeatedly: ọ baba erhan lele otọ
“he stuck sticks along the ground”
.

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baba2 [ ` '][bàbá] {SS::} vb. reiterative sense of
ba1 above; i.e. to watch repeatedly;
to spy on continuously: gha baba ẹre
ne ọ ghẹ lẹ fua
“keep watching it
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so that it does not run off.”

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baba3 [ ` '][bàbá] {SS::} vb. to grope; to feel
about as one does in the dark.

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ba igban [ `' `][bàígbã̀] {SS::} vb. (idiom) to pro-
claim a woman as the wife of the Ọba
of Benin: iran baa uvbi nii igban
“they declared that young woman
a wife of the Ọba.”

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ba ku [ ` '][bàkú] {SM::} vb. 1. to make a mistake,
to miss; in the Christian sense ― to
transgress; to sin.

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balọ1 [ ` '][bàlɔ́] {SS::} vb. to be painful; to hurt.

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balọ2 [ ` '][bàlɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to scoop liquid with
a small container; 2. to spill; to pour
out.

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ban [ '][bã́] {SM::} vb. 1. to peel off; 2. to se-
parate forcibly: ọ gha ban ikpakpa re
fua
“he will peel the skin off”.

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banbaan [ ' '`][bã́bã́ã̀] {SS::} adv. immediately;
right now. (also: banbanna and
banbanbanban).

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bannọ [ ` '][bã̀nɔ̃́] {SS::} vb. plural or reiterative
sense of ban: e.g. to peel off several
slices; or two or more people peel off
something.

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bebe [ ` '][bèbé] {SM::} vb. 1. to be mischievously
overactive; troublesome (usually of
children): ọvbokhan na bebe gbe
“This child is too troublesome.”
2.
adventurous.

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begbe [ ` '][bègbé] {SS::} vb. (< ba egbe) to be
self-protective; to be on one’s guard.

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bẹbuu [ ` '`][bɛ̀búù] {SS::} vb. child language ex-
pression meaning “to lie down”.

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bẹẹ1 [ `'][bɛ̀ɛ́] {SS::} vb. to slice: bẹẹ iyan nii
ye akhe
“slice that yam into the
pot (and cook it)”
.
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bẹẹ2 [ `'][bɛ̀ɛ́] {SS::} vb. (with ọgọ) to tap (palm
wine); to collect and store away. (cf:
ọbọgọ; bọọgọ).

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bẹbẹẹbẹ [ ' '' '][bɛ́bɛ́ɛ́bɛ́] {SS::} adj. (used with the
verb ye): very large extensive; nene
akhe ye bẹbẹẹbẹ
“the pot is ex-
tremely large.”

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bẹghe [ ` `'][bɛ̀ɣèé] {SS::} vb. to see; to sight: I
bẹghe ẹre vbe ọ dee
“I saw him as
he was approaching”
. (cf: dẹghee).

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bẹkun [ ` '][bɛ̀kṹ] {SM::} adv. 1. (usually with vbs
such as ru; bọ; re, etc.) ― incomplete-
ly: ọ bọ owa nii bẹkun serae ye evba
“he built that house half-way and
left it there”
. 2. (usually with the vb.
hoo: “to look for”) abortively; un-
successfully: iran hoo ẹre bẹkun
“they searched for him unsuccessful-
ly; i.e. he is nowhere to be found”
.

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bẹlẹ [ ` '][bɛ̀lɛ́] {SS::} vb. plural reiterative sense
of bee1: to cut into several slices; or
for several people to engage in slicing.

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bẹtẹ [ ` `][bɛ̀tɛ̀] {SS::} adj. (usually introduced
with the vb: ye) fat; stocky; chubby:
ovbi-ẹre ye bẹtẹ “her child is
chubby.”

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bẹtẹbẹtẹ [ ` ` ` `][bɛ̀tɛ̀bɛ̀tɛ̀] {SS::} adj. pl. sense of
bẹtẹ: ivbi-ẹre ye bẹtẹbẹtẹ “her
children are all chubby.”

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bẹtẹẹ [ ' ''][bɛ́tɛ́ɛ́] {SS::} adj. (usually introduced
with the vb. ye) very large; expansive:
eki ni ye bẹtẹẹ “that market is very
large.”

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bẹmwẹn [ ' `][bɛ́ɱɛ̃̀] {SS::} vb. to stammer.

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bi1 [ '][bí] {SM::} vb. 1. to shove, to push: bi
ẹre hin odẹ rre
“push it out of the
way”
.― 2. (idiomatic) to be moved by;
to be of concern to; (usually occurs
in negative clauses): ẹmwẹn ọnrẹn ma
bi mwẹn
“His affairs are not of any
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concern to me”. (cf. kaan).

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bi2 [ '][bí] {SS::} vb. to vomit: ọ bii ukhunmwun
nii hia kua
“He vomitted all that
medicine out”
. (cf. kpa).

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bi3 [ '][bí] {SM::} vb. 1. to be dark in shade or
colour: ukpọn naa ẹre ọ bi sẹ ọnii
“This cloth is darker than that one.”

2. (with amẹ) to threaten; to be
imminent: amẹ bi “Rain is threaten-
ing”
(that is, there are dark clouds
in the sky). 3. (with certain fruits,
such as orunmwun; orhurhu; etc.):
to be ripe; to be ready-to-eat:
orunmwun naa bi nẹ “This pear
is ripe.”

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bian [ `'][bĩ̀ã́] {SS::} vb. to slice off a strip.

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bibi1 [ ` '][bìbí] {SS::} vb. to grope; to roam aim-
lessly (cf. bibi-odẹ).

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bibi2 [ ` '][bìbí] {SS::} vb. to be foolish; to be
stupid: ú bibi “you are stupid.”

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bibiode [ ` ` '][bỳbiòdɛ́] {SS::} vb. to get lost; to
go astray (bibi (vb) + odẹ ― road).

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biegbe [ ` '][byègbé] {SS::} vb. to give way; to
dock.

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biẹ [ '][byɛ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to give birth; 2. to have
children (as opposed to being barren);
3. to have off-shoots (with plants such
as iyan or igari).

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bigọọ [ ` `'][bìgɔ̀ɔ́] {SS::} vb. to be crooked; curved
or bent; not straight: erhan na bigọọ
“This tree is crooked.”

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bigọbigọbigọ [ ' ' ` ` ' '][bígɔ́bìgɔ̀bígɔ́] {SS::} adj. (us-
ually introduced by the vb. ye): very
crooked.

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bigbe [ ` '][bìgbé] {SS::} vb. to shut; to close.

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bii [ `'][bìí] {SS::} vb. to stab; to jab with a
pointed object: ọ ya opia bii ẹre
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“He stabbed him with a knife.”

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bobo [ ` '][bòbó] {SS::} vb. to run anxiously back
and forth (like a hen about to lay an
egg); to wander aimlessly.

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bodẹ [ ` '][bòdɛ́] {SS::} vb. to stand guard (ba1 +
odẹ ― road).

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bolo [ ` '][bòló] {SS::} vb. to peel (skin), to strip
off: ọ bolo alimo “he peeled the
orange.”

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bọ1 [ '][bɔ́] {SS::} vb. to build; construct: ọ bọ
egedege
: “he built a storey-house.”

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bọ2 [ '][bɔ́] {SM::} vb. 1. to predict; to tell one’s
fortune: ọbo bọ mẹ “the native-
doctor told me my fortune.”
2. to
consult a fortune-teller or native
doctor: i khian ya bọ yọ “I am
going to consult a native-doctor on
the matter.”

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bọ3 [ '][bɔ́] {SS::} vb. to be favourable to; to be
good for (usually in proper names
such as Isibọ; Edobọ; etc.).

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bọlọzọ [ ` ` `][bɔ̀lɔ̀zɔ̀] {SS::} adj. (introduced with
the vb. ye) chubby; pleasingly fat and
healthy-looking: ọmọ ni ye bọlọzọ
“that child looks nice and chubby.”

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bọnmwẹn1 [ ` ][bɔ̃̀ɱɛ̃] {SM::} vb. 1. to drop in
small pieces, or granular form; to flake
off: iku ehẹn esọ bonmwẹn kua
“some small pieces flaked off from
the fish.”
2. to winnow. 3. to shake
off dust or dirt from a surface:
bonmwẹn aga nii u ke tota yọ “dust
that chair before you sit on it.”

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bọnmwẹn2 [ ` '][bɔ̃̀ɱɛ̃́] {SS::} vb. (usually with
verbs such as rhie, mu, kpaọ, dee,
etc.) to do swiftly; to do briskly; to
whisk off: ọ bonmwẹn kpao “She
left briskly”
.

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bọọ [ `'][bɔ̀ɔ́] {SS::} vb. to console; to cheer up
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(usually a child who has been crying).

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bọọn [ `'][bɔ̃̀ɔ̃́] {SS::} vb. (of wearing apparel) to
lift, to raise up: bọọn ukpọn “to
raise up cloth (thereby revealing what
lies below)”^^
.

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bọọzi [ `` `][bɔ̀ɔ̀zì] {SS::} adj. (usually introduced
with the vb. ye) big and long; larger
than normal size.

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buan [ `'][bũ̀ã́] {SS::} adv. sufficiently; in more
than enough quantity or value:
winna buan
“he worked sufficiently
or hard enough.”

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bubu [ ` '][bùbú] {SM::} vb. 1. (usually with verbs
like kpaegbe; tota; kpao, etc.); to
move in an awkwardly brisk manner:
ọ bubuu kpaegbe: “he got up in an
awkwardly brisk manner.”
2. to be
awkward; clumsy.

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bue [ `'][bùé] {SS::} vb. to stay long; to linger:
ghẹ bue vbe ẹki-o “don’t linger at
the market.”
iran buere “they
stayed long”
.

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bukpẹ [ ' `][búkpɛ̀] {SS::} excl. formula of thanks
expressed by females to their elders
after a meal; it is also used as a greet-
ing to an older person who sneezes.

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bun [ '][bṹ] {SM::} vb. 1. to be plentiful; to be
numerous: ẹvbo bun vbe odọọ:
“people are plentiful over there”^^
. 2.
vb. (usually with the adv. gbe) to be
much with: iku bun ẹnrẹn gbe: “he
is too fond of playing ― he plays too
much.”

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bunnọ [ ` '][bũ̀nɔ̃́] {SS::} vb. plural or reiterative
sense of buun: aberhan bunnọ kue
otọ
“Tree branches have broken
off on the ground”
.

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buu1 [ `'][bùú] {SM::} vb. 1. to go toward; to
approach something/somebody; to
meet or join: Ọ buu erhae “He
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went to meet his father.” 2. to ap-
proximate or approach in size or
value: ọna buu ọnii “This one
approaches that one in value”
. 3. to
deposit money toward; to make a
down-payment on.

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buu2 [ `'][bùú] {SM::} vb. 1. to settle (e.g. a case):
Ọ buu ohiẹn ne iran “He settled the
case for them.”
2. to decide on
something; to fix (e.g. a date): ọ buu
ẹdẹ ne iran
“He fixed a date for
them (i.e. He gave them an appoint-
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ment).”

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buu3 [ `'][bùú] {SM::} vb. 1. to found; to est-
ablish: Ọ kpẹre ne a ghi buu ẹvbo nii
It is a long time since that town was
founded
. 2. to assemble for a meeting;
to meet as a group.

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buun1 [ `'][bũ̀ṹ] {SS::} vb. to break; to snap.

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buun2 [ `'][bũ̀ṹ] {SS::} vb. to confess to adultery
by a woman.

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